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U+7532, 甲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7532

[U+7531]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7533]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田中 (WL), four-corner 60500, composition or ⿻)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 758, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2525, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7532

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形): a turtle shell.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠇚
𡴌
𤰒

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krap (shell; shield). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྲབ (khrab, coat of mail; shield). Perhaps related to (OC *kuːb, *kruːb, “leather jerkin or cuirass”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kah - vernacular;
  • kap - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 甲 (指)
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia²¹⁴/ /t͡ɕia⁰/
Harbin /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/ /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/ /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia²⁴/ /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia²¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/ /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia¹³/ /t͡ɕia¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia¹³/ /t͡ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia⁵¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /ka²¹³/
/t͡ɕia²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕia³¹/ /t͡ɕia³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia²¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠³¹/ /t͡ɕia̠³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiaʔ²/ /t͡ɕiaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/ /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/ /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiaʔ⁵/ /kʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kaʔ⁵/ /kaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ka²¹³/ /ka²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kaʔ²¹/ /kaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kɔ⁵/ /kɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia²⁴/
/ka²⁴/
/t͡ɕia²⁴/
/ka²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kaʔ⁵/ /kaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kap̚¹/ /kap̚¹/
Taoyuan /kɑp̚²²/ /kɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/ /kap̚³/
Nanning /kap̚³³/ /kɛp̚³³/
Hong Kong /kap̚³/ /kap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kap̚³²/
/kaʔ³²/
/kap̚³²/
/kaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑʔ²³/ /kɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²⁴/ /ka²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaʔ²/ /kaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka⁵⁵/ /ka⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (150)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠap̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚap̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kap̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kap̚/
Wang
Li
/kap̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kap̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jia
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǎ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæp ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁr[a]p/
English 1st heavenly stem; fingernail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːb/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. armor
  2. shell
  3. nail (plate at the end of fingers and toes)
  4. the first of the ten heavenly stems
  5. number one; first; A
  6. A surname​.
Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

Borrowed from Dutch akker (field) or morgen (morning).[1]

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Taiwan) unit of land (area) measure, equivalent to 2,934  (píng) or 0.97 hectares,[2] roughly 2.1 acres

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𢓜

From (kàu).

Pronunciation 1Edit


DefinitionsEdit

(Min Nan)

  1. to arrive; to reach
  2. to; until; to the extent

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan) very; really; badly

Etymology 4Edit

Probably from (kám, káⁿ).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

(Min Nan)

  1. how is it that; how could
  2. (Taiwan) since; as

Etymology 5Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (kah, kap, “and; with”).

Etymology 6Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of ().

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andrade, Tonio (2005) , “Appendix A: Weights, Measures, and Exchange Rates”, in How Taiwan Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century, Columbia University Press, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Entry #1857”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (kæp)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(こう) ( (historical kana かふ)

  1. carapace, shell
  2. something A
    1. first in rank
    2. instep or the back of the hand
    3. the first party

Proper nounEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(こう) (

  1. the first of the ten Heavenly Stems

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
よろい
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(よろい) (yoroi (historical kana よろひ)

  1. armor

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
kan’yōon

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(かん) (kan

  1. treble range

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
きのえ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(Ki, Wood, one of the Five Elements) +‎ (no, attributive marker) +‎ (e, elder brother)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(きのえ) (Kinoe

  1. the first of the ten Heavenly Stems

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠap̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 갑〮 (Yale: kap) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Compare modern Cantonese (gaap3) and Hakka (gab5).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 갑옷 (gabot gap))
(eumhun 첫째 천간(天干) (cheotjjae cheon-gan gap))

  1. Hanja form? of (armor; shell).
  2. Hanja form? of (the first of the ten heavenly stems; something A).

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

Hanja in this term

(gap) (hangeul )

  1. (in headlines) number one, thus the best
    "가성비" 획기적 상품 출시!
    "gaseongbigap" hoekgijeok sangpum chulsi!
    This innovative product is the best bang for your buck!
  2. (law) something A; the first party
    상기 문서명시 업무관련하여 에게 근로제공한다.
    sanggi eureun myeongsidoen eommuwa gwallyeonhayeo gabege geulloreul jegonghanda.
    The B (employee) indicated above will provide labour to A (employer) according to the tasks indicated in this document.

Usage notesEdit

  • A common convention in news headlines or legal documents, these particular senses are often written in the Hanja form, even in contemporary Korean text otherwise devoid of any Hanja.

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giáp, giẹp, kép, nháp, ráp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.