U+5C30, 尰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C30

[U+5C2F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C31]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 43, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大山竹十土 (KUHJG), four-corner 42011, composition)

  1. swell
  2. swelling of the legs

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 299, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 954, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 555, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5C30

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑuawŋX/
Li
Rong
/ʑioŋX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shòng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17486
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djoŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. swelling

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
おめあし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

Compound of おめ (ome, of unknown meaning) +‎ , (ashi, foot, leg).[1]

First appears in the 和名類聚抄 (Wamyō Ruijushō) of roughly 934 CE, with the later sense appearing in 1793.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 (おめあし) (omeashi)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) a kind of beriberi (vitamin B deficiency) causing swelling of the lower leg [since 934]
    Synonyms: (koi), 尰足 (koiashi), 尰脛 (koizune)
  2. (archaic, possibly obsolete) a predicament [since 1793]

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/kofi//kowi//koi/

Unknown, a surface analysis suggests that this is the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of a verb *kofu (“to swell”), but no such word seems to exist.

Appears in the 和名類聚抄 (Wamyō Ruijushō) of roughly 934 CE.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 (こい) (koi) (historical hiragana こひ)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) a kind of beriberi (vitamin B deficiency) causing swelling of the lower leg
    • c. 974, Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha, Kagerō Nikki
      ... () (つく)りたる (をとこ) (かた) (あし)こゐつきたるに...
      ...ki o tsukuritaru otoko no kataashi ni koi tsukitaru ni...
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonyms: (omeashi), 尰足 (koiashi), 尰脛 (koizune)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN