U+649E, 撞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-649E

[U+649D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+649F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 手卜廿土 (QYTG), four-corner 50014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 455, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 804, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1961, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+649E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *doːŋ, *tjoŋ
*rdoːŋ
𩪘 *rdoːŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*tʰoːnʔ, *tʰuːnʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋs, *tuːŋʔ, *toŋs
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
罿 *doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ, *doŋ
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋs
*toŋs
*toŋs
*tʰoŋ, *tʰoŋs, *tjoŋ
*doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs
*doŋ, *doŋs
*doŋ
*doŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*tjoŋ, *tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ, *tʰjoŋʔ
*tjoŋs
*tʰjoŋ
*tʰjoŋs
*djoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs): semantic  + phonetic (OC *doːŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chōng/tōng - literary;
  • tn̄g/chhēng - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁵³/
/ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ³¹²/ ~車
/ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ³¹²/ ~著人了
Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suaŋ¹³/
/t͡sʰuaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡suaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /zɑ̃³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑyɔ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰo²²/
Tunxi /t͡sau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan¹¹/ ~鐘
/t͡ɕʰyan⁴¹/ ~數
Xiangtan /d͡zɔn²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡sɔŋ²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔuŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (9) (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠʌŋ/ /ɖˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚɔŋ/ /ɖᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨwŋ/ /ɖaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱɔŋ/ /ȡʱɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuáng zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuáng zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræwng › ‹ dræwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-t]ˤ<r>oŋ/ /*N-tˤ<r>oŋ-s/
English strike strike

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17421 17426
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdoːŋ/ /*rdoːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hit; to bump against; to strike; to run into; to collide
  2. to meet by chance; to bump into; to come across; to encounter

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang, Yale tang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chàng, tràng)

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