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U+649E, 撞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-649E

[U+649D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+649F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 手卜廿土 (QYTG), four-corner 50014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 455, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 804, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1961, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+649E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms (tn̄g) Min Nan
(chhēng) Min Nan

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
rdoːŋ, *doːŋ, *tjoŋ
rdoːŋ
𩪘 rdoːŋ
rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
tʰoːnʔ, *tʰuːnʔ
toːŋʔ
toːŋʔ, *doːŋ
toːŋʔ
toːŋʔ
toːŋs, *tuːŋʔ, *toŋs
tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
doːŋ
doːŋ
doːŋ
罿 doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
doːŋ
doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
doːŋ, *doŋ
doːŋʔ
doːŋs
toŋs
toŋs
tʰoŋ, *tʰoŋs, *tjoŋ
doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs
doŋ, *doŋs
doŋ
doŋ, *tʰjoŋ
tjoŋ, *tjoŋ
tjoŋ
tjoŋ
tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs
tjoŋʔ
tjoŋʔ
tjoŋʔ
tjoŋʔ, *tʰjoŋʔ
tjoŋs
tʰjoŋ
tʰjoŋs
djoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *doːŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note: cong4 - rare.
Note:
  • tōng, chōng - literary;
  • tn̄g/chhēng - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁵³/
/ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ³¹²/ ~車
/ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ³¹²/ ~著人了
Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suaŋ¹³/
/t͡sʰuaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡suaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /zɑ̃³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑyɔ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰo²²/
Tunxi /t͡sau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan¹¹/ ~鐘
/t͡ɕʰyan⁴¹/ ~數
Xiangtan /d͡zɔn²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡sɔŋ²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔuŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (9) (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠʌŋ/ /ɖˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚɔŋ/ /ɖᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨwŋ/ /ɖaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱɔŋ/ /ȡʱɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuáng zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuáng zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræwng › ‹ dræwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-t]ˤ<r>oŋ/ /*N-tˤ<r>oŋ-s/
English strike strike

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17421 17426
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdoːŋ/ /*rdoːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hit; to bump against; to strike; to run into; to collide
  2. to meet by chance; to bump into; to come across; to encounter

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang, Yale tang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chàng, tràng)

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