Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 手卜廿土 (QYTG), four-corner 50014, composition)

  1. knock against, bump into, collide

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 455, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 804, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1961, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+649E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁵³/
/ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ³¹²/ ~車
/ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ³¹²/ ~著人了
Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suaŋ¹³/
/t͡sʰuaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡suaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃¹³/
Suzhou /zɑ̃³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑyɔ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰo²²/
Tunxi /t͡sau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan¹¹/ ~鐘
/t͡ɕʰyan⁴¹/ ~數
Xiangtan /d͡zɔn²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡sɔŋ²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔuŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (11)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɣʌŋ/ /ȡʱɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋ/ /ɖɯɔŋ/ /ɖaɨwŋ/ /ȡɔŋ/ /ȡɔŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (11)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɣʌŋH/ /ȡʱɔŋH/ /ȡɔŋH/ /ɖɯɔŋH/ /ɖaɨwŋH/ /ȡɔŋH/ /ȡɔŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chuáng ‹ dræwng › /*[N-t]ˤ<r>oŋ/ strike
zhuàng ‹ dræwngH › /*N-tˤ<r>oŋ-s/ strike

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17421 0 /*rdoːŋ/
17426 0 /*rdoːŋs/

VerbEdit

  1. to hit; to bump against; to strike; to run into; to collide
  2. to meet by chance; to bump into; to come across; to encounter

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang, Yale tang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chàng, tràng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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