See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 144 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹人竹土弓 (HOHGN), four-corner 21104)

  1. rush against, charge ahead

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1110, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34069
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1574, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 843, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+885D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (24)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰɨoŋ/ /t͡ɕʰi̯woŋ/ /t͡ɕʰioŋ/ /t͡ɕʰioŋ/ /cʰuawŋ/ /t͡ɕʰĭwoŋ/ /t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chōng ‹ tsyhowng › /*tʰoŋ/ rush against

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17478 0 𧘂 /*tʰjoŋ/ 說文中從童通作此

NounEdit

  1. thoroughfare; important place
    • /   ―  yàochōng  ―  road hub, major crossroad

VerbEdit

  1. to go straight ahead; to rush; to charge; to dash
  2. to clash; to collide
    • /   ―  chōng  ―  attack, shock
    • /   ―  chōngzhuàng  ―  to collide
    • /   ―  chōng  ―  conflict, collision of interest

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

  1. powerful; vigorous
  2. pungent; (of smell) strong

VerbEdit

  1. to face
  2. to punch; to stamp

PrepositionEdit

  1. towards; at; to
  2. in view of

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chung, jong) (hangeul , , revised chung, jong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ung, chong, Yale chwung, cong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xung, giong, tông, xong, xông, xúng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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