U+885D, 衝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-885D

[U+885C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+885E]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 144 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹人竹土弓 (HOHGN), four-corner 21104)

  1. rush against, charge ahead

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1110, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34069
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1574, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 843, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+885D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *doːŋ, *tjoŋ
*rdoːŋ
𩪘 *rdoːŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*tʰoːnʔ, *tʰuːnʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋs, *tuːŋʔ, *toŋs
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
罿 *doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ, *doŋ
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋs
*toŋs
*toŋs
*tʰoŋ, *tʰoŋs, *tjoŋ
*doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs
*doŋ, *doŋs
*doŋ
*doŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*tjoŋ, *tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ, *tʰjoŋʔ
*tjoŋs
*tʰjoŋ
*tʰjoŋs
*djoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjoŋ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoŋ/
English rush against

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17478
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
𧘂
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjoŋ/
Notes

NounEdit

  1. thoroughfare; important place
    • /   ―  yàochōng  ―  road hub, major crossroad

VerbEdit

  1. to go straight ahead; to rush; to charge; to dash
  2. to clash; to collide
    • /   ―  chōng  ―  attack, shock
    • /   ―  chōngzhuàng  ―  to collide
    • /   ―  chōng  ―  conflict, collision of interest

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhiòng - literary;
  • chhèng - vernacular.

AdjectiveEdit

  1. powerful; vigorous
  2. pungent; (of smell) strong

VerbEdit

  1. to face
  2. to punch; to stamp

PrepositionEdit

  1. towards; at; to
  2. in view of

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chung, jong) (hangeul , , revised chung, jong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ung, chong, Yale chwung, cong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xung, giong, tông, xong, xông, xúng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.