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U+7A2E, 種
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A2E

[U+7A2D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A2F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 115, +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹木竹十土 (HDHJG), four-corner 22914, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 856, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1281, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2617, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+7A2E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs).

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps Sino-Tibetan: Chepang [script needed] (tuŋʔ-, to plant), दुङ्‌ (duŋ, shoot; sprout), दुङ्‌सा (duŋ-, to sprout; to grow). Compare (OC *tjoŋʔ, “to swell”) and (OC *tjoŋʔ, “heel”).

Related to Proto-Vietic *k-coːŋʔ (seed) (Vietnamese giống (seed)), which is likely a loanword from Chinese (Wang, 1948).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chéng - vernacular;
  • chióng - literary.
Note:
  • zêng2 - vernacular;
  • zong2 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨoŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕioŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕioŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cuawŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕioŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭwoŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯woŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǒng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǒng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyowngX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.toŋʔ/
    English seed

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17471
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjoŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. seed; kernel; cereal
      /   ―  càizhǒng  ―  seed of vegetable
    2. clan; ethnic group; ethnicity; race
      /   ―  rénzhǒng  ―  race
      /   ―  zhǒng  ―  ethnicity
    3. species; breed
    4. kind; sort; type
    5. Classifier for varieties: kind; sort; typeall nouns using this classifier
      /   ―  zhǒng  ―  every kind
      Synonyms: (lèi)
    6. (colloquial) guts; grit
    7. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • chèng - vernacular;
    • chiòng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨoŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕioŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕioŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cuawŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕioŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭwoŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯woŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhòng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhòng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyowngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*(mə-)toŋʔ-s/
    English sow (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17476
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjoŋs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to sow; to strew
    2. to grow; to plant; to cultivate
      /   ―  zhòng shù  ―  to plant a tree
    3. to breed; to bring up
    4. to foster; to train
    5. to transplant; to inoculate

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cereal that is to plant early and to harvest lately

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. seed
    2. plant, sow
    3. class, kind, variety
    4. species (category in taxonomy)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    たね
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly related to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tanəm; compare Indonesian tanam, Malay tanam (to plant, bury); Chamorro tanom (to plant), Samoan tanu (to bury); Cebuano tanum (plant).

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (bloodline, lineage):

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana たね, katakana タネ, rōmaji tane)

    1. a seed
      Synonym: 種子 (shushi)
    2. a pit or stone in a fruit
      Synonym: (sane)
    3. a gamete (reproductive cell such as a spermatozoan or egg)
    4. a lineage, bloodline
      Synonyms: 血統 (kettō), 血筋 (chisuji)
    5. an origin, cause
      Synonyms: 根源 (kongen), 原因 (gen'in)
    6. the materials or ingredients from which something is made
      Synonyms: 原料 (genryō), 材料 (zairyō)
    7. capital, funds, seed money
      Synonyms: 元金 (gankin, motokin), 元手 (motode)
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit
    ProverbsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana たね, rōmaji Tane)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    くさ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly derived from or cognate with (kusa, grass), from the way grass is grown from seeds, hence their origin.

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (cause of something):

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くさ, rōmaji kusa)

    1. an origin, cause
    2. a type, class
      Synonyms: 種類 (shurui), 類い (tagui)
    Derived termsEdit

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana くさ, rōmaji -kusa)

    1. counter for number of kinds or types
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    くさわい
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    ⟨kusa papi1 → * /kusapapʲi//kusafafi//kusawawʲi//kusawai/

    Compound of (kusa, origin; type) + 這い (hai, widely spread out), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) 這う (hau, to spread out widely).

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くさわい, rōmaji kusawai, historical hiragana くさはひ)

    1. an origin, cause
      Synonym: 原因 (gen'in)
    2. a type, class
      Synonyms: 種類 (shurui), 類い (tagui)
    3. an interest, appeal
      Synonyms: (omomuki), 面白み (omoshiromi)

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    しゅ
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    /t͡ɕɨu//ɕʲu//ɕu/

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨoŋX).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しゅ, rōmaji shu)

    1. a seed
      Synonym: 種子 (shushi)
    2. a kind, type, sort, class, or category
      Synonyms: 種類 (shurui), 類い (tagui)
    3. (taxonomy) a species
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune–Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chõng, chỏng, chổng, chủng, giống, trồng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.