Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zreːnʔ, *zraːns, *zrenʔ): semantic  ‎(wood) + phonetic  ‎(OC *zlaːn)

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木戈戈 (DII), four-corner 43953, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 533, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14963
  • Dae Jaweon: page 921, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1229, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+68E7

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂan⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂan⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡san⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂã²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂan³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sã⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂan¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂan²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡san³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡san¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian²¹³/
/t͡san²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao
Hohhot /t͡sæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ze²³/
Suzhou /ze̞³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /d͡za²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛ²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡san¹¹/
Xiangtan /t͡san⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰan²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰan⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑn⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡san²²/
Nanning /t͡san²²/
Hong Kong /t͡san²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡san²²/
/t͡san²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡saŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡saŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (20) (20) (20)
Final () (73) (79) (69)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II Chongniu III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛnX/ /d͡ʒˠiᴇnX/ /d͡ʒˠanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚænX/ /ɖ͡ʐᵚiɛnX/ /ɖ͡ʐᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒænX/ /d͡ʒiænX/ /d͡ʒɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨnX/ /ɖ͡ʐianX/ /ɖ͡ʐaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɛnX/ /d͡ʒjɛnX/ /d͡ʒanH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒænX/ /d͡ʒĭɛnX/ /d͡ʒanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱănX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯ɛnX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàn zhàn zhàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhàn zhàn zhàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzrænX › ‹ dzrænH › ‹ dzrɛnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤr[a][n]ʔ/ /*[dz]ˤr[a][n]-s/ /*[dz]r[a][n]ʔ/
English shed shed shed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 5989 5994 6012
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zreːnʔ/ /*zraːns/ /*zrenʔ/
Notes

NounEdit

  1. warehouse
  2. tavern, inn

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jan, jeon) (hangeul , , revised jan, jeon, McCune-Reischauer chan, chŏn, Yale can, cen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sàn, sến, sán, sạn, xiễn, trăn, chăn)

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