See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金田日 (CWA), four-corner 80606)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 503, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 877, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1521, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+66FE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
曾-oracle.svg 曾-bronze.svg 曾-bigseal.svg 曾-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - a cooker for steaming food. The derivative (zèng) refers to the original word.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (13)
Final: (129)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zēng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (15)
Final: (129)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: céng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zʱəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
céng ‹ dzong › /*[dz]ˤəŋ/ (adverb indicating past time)
zēng ‹ tsong › /*[ts]ˤəŋ/ remote (ancestor)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16616 0 /*ʔsɯːŋ/
16625 0 /*zɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. already
  2. sign of the past
  3. A surname​.
  4. "great" in great-grandparent

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tằng, tăng, tâng, tơn, tưng, từng)

  1. used as prefix to indicate a greater level (especially in 曽祖: tằng tổ : great-grandfather, other meaning now seems archaic)
  2. One pronunciation is từng, could be the root of từng : (have ever done <something>) (see từng)

ReferencesEdit

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