U+66FE, 曾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66FE

[U+66FD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66FF]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金田日 (CWA), four-corner 80606)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 503, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 877, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1521, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+66FE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsrɯn
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *ʔsɯːŋs
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*sʰɯːŋs
*zɯːŋ
*zɯːŋs
*sɯːŋ
*sɯːŋ
*ʔsɯŋs
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*sʰɯːŋ
*zrɯːŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a cooker for steaming food. The derivative (OC *ʔsɯŋs) refers to the original word.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (15)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zəŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
céng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
céng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤəŋ/
English (adverb indicating past time)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16625
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. already; ever; once (in the past); previously

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • cheng/chng - literary;
  • chan - vernacular (including surname).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡səŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤəŋ/
English remote (ancestor)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. great-
    /   ―  zēngsūn  ―  great-grandson
  2. (literary) unexpectedly
  3. (literary) Alternative form of (zēng, “to increase”).
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tằng, tăng, tâng, tơn, tưng, từng)

  1. used as prefix to indicate a greater level (especially in 曽祖: tằng tổ : great-grandfather, other meaning now seems archaic)
  2. One pronunciation is từng, could be the root of từng : (have ever done <something>) (see từng)

ReferencesEdit