See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 山十一火 (UJMF), four-corner 22901, composition)

  1. esteem, honor, revere, venerate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 313, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 613, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 782, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5D07

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰoŋ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰoŋ³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zoŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zoŋ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡soŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /soŋ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /soŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ³⁵/
/t͡siɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sɔŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (20)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨuŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯uŋ/ /d͡ʒiuŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐiuŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐuwŋ/ /d͡ʒĭuŋ/ /d͡ʒiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chóng ‹ dzrjuwng › /*[dz]<r>uŋ/ exalt, honor

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17903 0 /*zruŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sung) (hangeul , revised sung, McCune-Reischauer sung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sùng, sồng, sung, xùng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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