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U+65B0, 新
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65B0

[U+65AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65B1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

This character has a slight difference between Chinese and in Japanese:

  • in Chinese:
  • in Japanese:
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 69 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜木竹一中 (YDHML), four-corner 02921, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 480, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 839, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2026, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+65B0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰin, *sʰins
sʰin, *sʰins
sʰins, *sʰrins
sʰins, *ʔsrin, *sʰrins
siŋ
siŋ
siŋ
sʰrins
sʰrins
t͡sʰrinh
sriŋ
seŋ
seŋ
seŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *siŋ): phonetic  (OC *siŋ, hazelnut tree) + semantic  (axe) – to cut down a tree with an axe (hence starting something new).

Also ideogrammic compound (會意). Original form of (OC *siŋ, “firewood”).

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan; cognate with Burmese သစ် (sac, new). Compare the cognacy between (OC *siŋ, “firewood”) and Burmese သစ် (sac, wood; timber).

This word may belong to the Sino-Tibetan stem Proto-Sino-Tibetan *siŋ (alive, fresh, green) and may hence be related to (OC *sʰleːŋ, “green”) as well as (OC *siŋ, “firewood”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note: sêng1 - Jieyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕin²¹/
Jinan /ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /siə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sin²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sin³³/
Xiangtan /sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tsʰi[n]/
English new

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13811
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. new; fresh
    Antonyms: (jiù)
    電腦 / 电脑  ―  xīn diànnǎo  ―  new computer
  2. newly; freshly; recently
    建成超市  ―  xīn jiànchéng de chāoshì  ―  newly built supermarket
  3. neo- (prefix)
    納粹 / 纳粹  ―  xīn nàcuì  ―  neo-Nazi
  4. (chemistry) meso-
  5. A surname​. Xin
  6. (~朝) Xin dynasty
  7. Short for 新疆 (Xīnjiāng).
  8. Short for 新加坡 (Xīnjiāpō).
  9. Short for 新西蘭新西兰 (Xīn Xīlán).
    银行  ―  àoxīnyínxíng  ―  Australia and New Zealand Banking Corporation (ANZ Bank)

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PrefixEdit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

(hiragana しん, rōmaji shin-)

  1. new
    • Light Yagami from Death Note
       (ぼく) (しん)世界 (せかい) (かみ)だ。
      Boku wa shinsekai no kami da.
      I am god of the new world.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sin) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tân, tâng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.