Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
宗-oracle.svg 宗-bronze.svg 宗-bigseal.svg 宗-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(house) +  ‎(worship) – house of worship.

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十一一火 (JMMF), four-corner 30901, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 283, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7106
  • Dae Jaweon: page 557, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 917, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5B97

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡suŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡suŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡suŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡suə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡sũn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡soŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡səŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡san¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡soŋ³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡suŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡soŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suoŋ/ /t͡suoŋ/ /t͡soŋ/ /t͡suoŋ/ /t͡sawŋ/ /t͡suoŋ/ /t͡soŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zōng ‹ tsowng › /*[ts]ˤuŋ/ ancestral temple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17892 0 /*ʔsuːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ancestral temple
  2. ancestors or elders of a people
  3. family
    宗法 (zōngfǎ)
  4. having the same ancestry
    宗兄
  5. school, sect
    禪宗禅宗
  6. main purpose
    宗旨 (zōngzhǐ)
  7. classifier for legal cases

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong)

  1. fundamental knowledge
  2. root, ancestry

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tông, tong, tôn, tung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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