See also:
U+5B97, 宗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B97

[U+5B96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B98]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十一一火 (JMMF), four-corner 30901, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 283, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7106
  • Dae Jaweon: page 557, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 917, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5B97

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (house) + (spirit tablet)temple; ancestral shrine.

EtymologyEdit

Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsuk ⪤ *tsik (to build) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan རྫོང (rdzong, castle; fortress).

an administrative division in historical Tibet
Borrowed from Tibetan རྫོང (rdzong, district; province).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡suŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡suŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡suŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡suə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡sũn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡soŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡səŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡san¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡soŋ³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡suŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡soŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (5)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suoŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡soŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡soŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡suoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suoŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁuŋ/
English ancestral temple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17892
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsuːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ancestral temple
  2. ancestors or elders of a people
  3. family
      ―  zōng  ―  patriarcal clan system
  4. having the same ancestry
      ―  zōngxiōng  ―  elder brother
  5. school; sect
    /   ―  chánzōng  ―  Zen
  6. main purpose
      ―  zōngzhǐ  ―  aim
  7. to revere; to respect
  8. to follow
  9. (historical) an administrative division in historical Tibet, equivalent to a county
    當雄 / 当雄  ―  Dāngxióng Zōng  ―  Damxung dzong
  10. Classifier for legal cases.
  11. Classifier for cases of sickness.
    初步診斷41病例其中死亡[…]香港醫學會傳染病顧問委員會主席梁子超,節目星期六問責相比同類型病毒例如中東呼吸綜合症沙士今次武漢至今死亡個案相信病毒性肺炎死亡率不算 [MSC, trad.]
    初步诊断41病例其中死亡[…]香港医学会传染病顾问委员会主席梁子超,节目星期六问责相比同类型病毒例如中东呼吸综合症沙士今次武汉至今死亡个案相信病毒性肺炎死亡率不算 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 2020 January 11, RTHK, 醫學會專家相信武漢不明原因病毒性肺炎死亡率不算高 [1]
    Chūbù zhěnduàn yǒu 41 zōng bìnglì, qízhōng yī zōng sǐwáng Xiānggǎng Yīxuéhuì Chuánrǎnbìng Gùwèn Wěiyuánhuì zhǔxí Liáng Zǐchāo, zài běn tái jiémù “Xīngqīliù Wènzé” shuō, xiàngbǐ tónglèixíng bìngdú, lìrú Zhōngdōng hūxī zōnghézhèng jí Shāshì, jīncì Wǔhàn zhìjīn jǐn yī zōng sǐwáng gèàn, xiàngxìn cǐ bìngdúxìng fèiyán de sǐwánglǜ bùsuàn gāo. [Pinyin]
    41 tentative diagnoses, with 1 death among them [] Hong Kong Medical Association Infectious Diseases Advisory Committee leader LEUNG Chi-chiu said in our program "Saturday Accountability" that compared to viruses of the same type, such as MERS and SARS, Wuhan has only had one case of death so far; he believes that the death rate of this viral pneumonia cannot be considered to be high.
  12. A surname​.

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. religion

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

DefinitionsEdit

Kanji in this term
むね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
むねS
[noun] principle; aim; purpose
[noun] gist; meaning
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 마루 (maru jong))

  1. Hanja form? of (fundamental knowledge).
  2. Hanja form? of (root; ancestry).
  3. Hanja form? of (religion).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: tông, tong, tôn, tung

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.