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U+7CBD, 粽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CBD

[U+7CBC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7CBE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 119, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木十一火 (FDJMF), four-corner 93991, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 910, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3153, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7CBD

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zuːŋ, *sruːŋs, *zuːŋ
*zuːŋ, *ʔsoːŋ, *zuːŋ
*zruːŋs
*ʔsoːŋs
*ʔsuːŋ
*ʔsuːŋ
*ʔsuːŋs
*ʔsuːŋs
*zuːŋ
*zuːŋ
*zuːŋ
*zuːŋ
*zuːŋ
*zruŋ
*zruŋ
*ʔsoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsoːŋs): semantic  (rice) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsuːŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zung3 - colloquial;
  • zung2 - variant.
Note:
  • duung4* - by itself or at end of compound, e.g. 糯米粽;
  • duung4 - at beginning of compound, e.g. 粽葉.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡suŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡suŋ⁵³/
    /t͡səŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡suŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕyŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡səŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡syuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡suŋ⁵³/
    Xining /t͡suə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡suŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡sũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡suŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡soŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡soŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡soŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡soŋ¹/
    Nanjing /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡səŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕyŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /t͡soŋ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡soŋ⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡san⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ³⁵/
    Nanning /t͡suŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡suŋ³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ²¹/
    /t͡saŋ²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔyŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡saŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /taŋ³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡suŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡suŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡suŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡səwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡suŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡suŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡suŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17891
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsoːŋs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. zongzi (dumpling made of glutinous rice, wrapped in leaves) (Classifier: c)

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 粽子 (“zongzi (sticky rice dumpling)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , 角黍, 角粽, 角飯
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 粽子
    Mandarin Beijing 粽子
    Taiwan 粽子
    Harbin 粽子
    Jinan 粽子
    Muping 粽子
    Luoyang 粽子
    Wanrong 粽子
    Xi'an 粽子
    Xining 粽子
    Xuzhou 粽子
    Yinchuan 粽子
    Lanzhou 粽子
    Ürümqi 粽子
    Wuhan 粽子
    Chengdu 粽子
    Guiyang 粽粑
    Liuzhou 粽子
    Yangzhou 粽子
    Nanjing 粽子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Foshan
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 粽糍
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Dongguan
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu 粽仔
    Xinyi , 古粽
    Lianjiang 古粽
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin , 米粽
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 粽子
    Lichuan 粽仔, 粽子
    Pingxiang 粽子
    Hakka Meixian 粽仔
    Luchuan 米粽
    Changting 粽子
    Wuping 粽子
    Ninghua
    Yudu 粽子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 粽仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 粽仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 粽仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 粽仔,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 餡粽
    Hong Kong 裹粽,
    Sabah 裹粽,
    Senai
    Huizhou Jixi 裹粽
    Jin Taiyuan 粽子
    Xinzhou 粽子, 粽粽
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 裹粽, 角黍 suburbs
    Fuqing
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Penang
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou , 粽球
    Shantou , 粽球
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning 粽子
    Wu Shanghai 粽子
    Suzhou 粽子
    Hangzhou 粽子
    Wenzhou
    Chongming 粽子
    Danyang 粽子
    Jinhua
    Ningbo 粽子
    Xiang Changsha 粽子
    Loudi 粽子
    Quanzhou 粽粑, 粽子

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. rice dumplings steamed in bamboo leaves

    ReadingsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ちまき
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    Compound of  () (chi, short for chigaya, "cogon") +  (まき) (maki, wrapping).

    Originally, rice cakes were wrapped in leaves from cogon grass.[1][2]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちまき, rōmaji chimaki)

    1. a rice cake or dumpling wrapped in bamboo leaves
    2. zongzi
      Synonym: 中国 (Chūgoku-jimaki)
    3. (Buddhism, architecture) Short for 粽形 (chimaki-gata): a Zen-style pillar with rounded edges on the top and bottom parts [since Kamakura period]

    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana ちまき, rōmaji Chimaki)

    1. a surname

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jong) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.