宿 U+5BBF, 宿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BBF

[U+5BBE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BC0]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

宿 (Kangxi radical 40, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人一日 (JOMA), four-corner 30261, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 287, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 568, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 938, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5BBF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
宿
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

In the oracle bone script, an ideogrammic compound (會意): (person) + [Term?] (bamboo mat) – a person resting on a mat. Sometimes a house () was added.

Later the pictogram of the bamboo mat became or 𠀬, and eventually came to be written .

Contrast .

EtymologyEdit

“To stay overnight; lodge > night; mansion of the zodiac [i.e. the Sun's lodging stations]”
Probably related to Austroasiatic: cf. Old Khmer *ruk (to take cover or shelter) > Khmer ជ្រុក (cruk, shelter; refuge), Khmer ស្រុក (srok, settlement; village) (Schuessler, 2007). Benedict (1972) relates it to the Tibeto-Burman terms listed in the etymology of (OC *laːɡs, “night”), however the phonetics is difficult to reconcile in the current reconstructions.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • sù - literary (all senses);
  • xiǔ - vernacular (classifier “night”).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • siok - literary;
    • sok - vernacular;
    • sek/siak - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character 宿
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /suwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    su
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    suk1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]uk/
    English spend the night

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 12105
    Phonetic
    component
    宿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    宿

    1. to stay overnight; to lodge
    2. to reside; to live; to dwell
    3. lodge; lodging station; residence
    4. perching bird; resting bird
    5. to keep watch at night; to be on night duty
    6. night; nighttime
    7. Classifier for the number of nights: night
      借宿宿  ―  jièsù yī xiǔ  ―  to stay for one night
    8. to be content with
    9. to stay; to stay behind; to delay; to stop over; to be stationed
    10. (from) last night; the previous night; overnight
    11. (from) last year; spanning two years
    12. the past; former times
    13. old; longstanding
    14. big; great; considerable
    15. old and experienced; skilful; master
    16. renowned person; someone of high standing
    17. Alternative form of (, “usually; normally”).
    18. predestined; preordained
      宿  ―  mìng  ―  destiny [lit. predestined life]
    19. in advance; beforehand
    20. Alternative form of (, “respectful; solemn”).
    21. Alternative form of (, “to admonish; to warn”).
    22. Alternative form of (, “to offer”).
    23. () (historical) The name of an ancient state located in modern-day Dongping county in Shandong province.
    24. (~州) (historical) The name of an ancient prefecture during the Tang dynasty, located in modern-day Suzhou city in Anhui province.
    25. () (historical) The name of an abolished county, now the Suzhou city in Anhui province.
    26. Short for 宿州 (Sùzhōu, “Suzhou city in Anhui province”).
    27. a surname

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character 宿
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /suwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiù
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]uk-s/
    English "mansion" of the zodiac (where the moon is found on successive nights)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 12104
    Phonetic
    component
    宿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    宿

    1. (archaic, Chinese astronomy) constellation; “mansion” of the zodiac

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    宿

    1. Only used in 宿宿 (sùsù, “walking slowly in small steps”).

    Pronunciation 4Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    宿

    1. Alternative form of (, “name of a county in the State of Wei”).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    宿

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lodging, inn
    2. home

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    宿
    やど
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of 宿 – see the following entry.
    やど
    [noun] lodging, inn
    [noun] house, home
    (This term, 宿, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    宿
    しゅく
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 宿 (MC sɨuH, sɨuk̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    宿(しゅく) (shukuしゆく (syuku)?

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    宿
    しゅく
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of 宿 – see the following entry.
    しゅく
    [noun] (historical) shuku, a class of outcast in medieval and pre-modern Kinki region
    Alternative spellings
    , 宿, 守公, 守宮
    (This term, 宿, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese 宿 (MC sɨuk̚).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    宿 (eumhun (jal suk))

    1. Hanja form? of (sleep; lodging).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle Chinese 宿 (MC sɨuH).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    HanjaEdit

    宿 (eumhun 별자리 (byeoljari su))

    1. Hanja form? of ((Chinese astronomy) constellation; “mansion” of the zodiac).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    宿: Hán Nôm readings: túc,

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.