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宿 U+5BBF, 宿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BBF

[U+5BBE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BC0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

宿 (radical 40 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人一日 (JOMA), four-corner 30261, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 287, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 568, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 938, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5BBF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
宿
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series (宿) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
宿 suɡs, *suɡ
suɡ
sruɡ
sruɡ
sruɡ
sruɡ

EtymologyEdit

“To stay overnight; lodge > night; mansion of the zodiac [i.e. the Sun's lodging stations]”
Probably related to Austroasiatic: cf. Old Khmer *ruk (to take cover or shelter) > Khmer ជ្រុក (chrŭk, shelter; refuge), Khmer ស្រុក (srŏk, settlement; village) (Schuessler, 2007). Benedict (1972) relates it to the Tibeto-Burman terms listed in the etymology of (OC *laːɡs, “night”), however the phonetics is difficult to reconcile in the current reconstructions.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • sù - literary (all senses);
  • xiǔ - vernacular (classifier “night”).
Note:
  • siok - literary;
  • sok - vernacular;
  • sek/siak - vernacular.

Rime
Character 宿
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suwk̚/
Li
Rong
/siuk̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
su
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 宿
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]uk/
English spend the night

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 宿
Reading # 2/2
No. 12105
Phonetic
component
宿
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

宿

  1. to stay overnight; to lodge
  2. to reside; to live; to dwell
  3. lodge; lodging station; residence
  4. perching bird; resting bird
  5. to keep watch at night; to be on night duty
  6. night; nighttime
  7. Classifier for the number of nights: night
  8. to be content with
  9. to stay; to stay behind; to delay; to stop over; to be stationed
  10. (from) last night; the previous night; overnight
  11. (from) last year; spanning two years
  12. the past; former times
  13. old; longstanding
  14. big; great; considerable
  15. old and experienced; skilful; master
  16. renowned person; someone of high standing
  17. Alternative form of (, “usually; normally”).
  18. predestined; preordained
    宿  ―  mìng  ―  destiny [lit. predestined life]
  19. in advance; beforehand
  20. Alternative form of (, “respectful; solemn”).
  21. Alternative form of (, “to admonish; to warn”).
  22. Alternative form of (, “to offer”).
  23. () (historical) The name of an ancient state located in modern-day Dongping county in Shandong province.
  24. (~州) (historical) The name of an ancient prefecture during the Tang dynasty, located in modern-day Suzhou city in Anhui province.
  25. () (historical) The name of an abolished county, now the Suzhou city in Anhui province.
  26. Short for 宿州 (Sùzhōu, “Suzhou city in Anhui province”).
  27. A surname​.

Usage notesEdit

  • The Mandarin xiǔ reading applies to the classifier for the number of nights.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character 宿
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/siəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suwH/
Li
Rong
/siuH/
Wang
Li
/sĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 宿
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]uk-s/
English "mansion" of the zodiac (where the moon is found on successive nights)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 宿
Reading # 1/2
No. 12104
Phonetic
component
宿
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suɡs/

DefinitionsEdit

宿

  1. (Chinese astronomy) constellation; “mansion” of the zodiac

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

宿

  1. Alternative form of (, “name of a county in the State of Wei”).

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

宿 (hiragana やど, rōmaji yado)

  1. lodging, inn
  2. house, home

KanjiEdit

宿

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. lodging, inn
  2. home

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

宿 (suk, su) (hangeul , , revised suk, su, McCune-Reischauer suk, su)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

宿 (túc, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.