See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 十卜月心 (JYBP), four-corner 30211, composition)

  1. favorite, concubine
  2. favor

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 293, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7368
  • Dae Jaweon: page 579, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 957, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+5BF5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /p͡fʰəŋ⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰoŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰoŋ⁴²/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ⁵³/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰan³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuŋ³¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰuŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰoŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰiɔŋ⁵³/
/tʰiŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰuŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰoŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sɔŋ²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (10)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰɨoŋX/ /ȶʰi̯woŋX/ /ȶʰioŋX/ /ʈʰioŋX/ /ʈʰuawŋX/ /ȶʰĭwoŋX/ /ȶʰioŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǒng ‹ trhjowngX › /*r̥ oŋʔ/ favor, grace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8448 0 /*r̥ʰoŋʔ/

VerbEdit

  1. to spoil someone

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chong, ryong) (hangeul , , revised chong, ryong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ong, ryong, Yale chong, lyong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sủng, sũng, sổng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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