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See also:
U+64CD, 操
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64CD

[U+64CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64CE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手口口木 (QRRD), four-corner 56094, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 458, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12806
  • Dae Jaweon: page 807, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1969, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+64CD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːwʔ
*ʔslaːwʔ
*ʔsaːwʔ
*ʔsaːwʔ, *saːw, *sʰaw
*ʔsaːws
*ʔsaːws
*sʰaːw, *sʰaːws
*sʰaːw, *sʰaw
*sʰaːwʔ
*sʰaːws
*zaːw, *sʰaw
*saːw, *saːws
*saːw
*saːwʔ, *saːws
*saːws
*saːws
*saːws
*saːws
*ʔsawʔ, *ʔseːwʔ
*soːwʔ, *srow

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaːw, *sʰaːws): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *saːws).

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chhau - vernacular;
  • chho/chho͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰaw/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑu/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤawʔ/
English grasp (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16571
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːw/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to conduct
  2. to run
  3. to control
  4. to manage
  5. (military) to drill
  6. to have sb. overwork
  7. to speak (an accent)
  8. calisthenics
  9. exercise
  10. A surname​.
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • chhau/chhó - vernacular;
  • chho/chho͘ - literary;
  • chhò/chhò͘ - literary (limited, e.g. 曹操).

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰawH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤawʔ-s/
English (what is grasped:) principles

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16575
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːws/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. conduct; behaviour
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (vulgar) Alternative form of (cào, “to fuck”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thao, tháo, thạo, xáo, thảo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.