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U+6CE3, 泣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE3

[U+6CE2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE4]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水卜廿 (EYT), four-corner 30118, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 617, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17309
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1593, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6CE3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs
*ɢʷrɯbs
*ruːb
*ruːb
*sluːb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb, *ɡrɯb
*rɯb
*r̥ʰɯb
*kʰrɯb

EtymologyEdit

“to weep; to sob”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krap (to weep). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྲབ་ཁྲབ (khrab khrab, weeper).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐp̚⁵/
Nanning /jep̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐp̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰip̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰip̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /li³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjip̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-r̥əp/
English weep

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7877
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰrɯb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to weep; to sob
  2. tears
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to cry; to weep”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 哭泣
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin , 哭鼻子 humorous
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan , 哭鼻子
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Yangzhou
Nanjing , 哭鼻子 humorous
Hefei
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan)
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan)
Conghua
Zengcheng
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing) ,
Dapeng
Yangjiang
Nanning
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang ,
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian , 叫眵, 叫嘴
Xingning
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
Huidong (Daling)
Dongguan (Qingxi)
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
Zhongshan (Wuguishan)
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
Wuhua (Shuizhai)
Wuhua (Huacheng) , 叫嘴
Wuhua (Changbu) , 叫嘴
Wuhua (Mianyang) , 叫嘴
Heyuan (Bendihua)
Qujiang 叫嘴
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Liannan
Conghua (Lütian)
Jiexi
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping 叫嘴
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 叫眵
Liudui (S. Sixian) , 叫眵
Hsinchu (Hailu) , 叫眵
Dongshi (Dabu) , 叫眵
Hsinchu (Raoping) , 唩眵
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah (Longchuan) , 叫嘴
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou , 啼嘛
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding ,
Matsu , 啼嘛
Min Nan Xiamen ,
Quanzhou ,
Yongchun
Zhangzhou ,
Taipei ,
Kaohsiung ,
Tainan ,
Taichung ,
Hsinchu ,
Lukang ,
Sanxia ,
Yilan ,
Kinmen
Magong ,
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Longyan
Zhangping
Datian
Pingnan (Shangdu)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi)
Shehua Fu'an
Fuding
Luoyuan
Sanming
Shunchang
Hua'an
Guixi
Cangnan
Jingning
Lishui
Longyou
Chaozhou
Fengshun
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wuxi
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (ideophonic) wind blowing rapidly

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of ().

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to cry, to weep

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eup) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khắp, khấp, lớp, rắp, rập, khóc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.