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U+6CE3, 泣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE3

[U+6CE2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水卜廿 (EYT), four-corner 30118, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 617, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17309
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1593, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6CE3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs
*ɢʷrɯbs
*ruːb
*ruːb
*sluːb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb, *ɡrɯb
*rɯb
*r̥ʰɯb
*kʰrɯb

EtymologyEdit

“to weep; to sob”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krap (to weep). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྲབ་ཁྲབ (khrab khrab, weeper).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐp̚⁵/
Nanning /jep̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐp̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰip̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰip̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /li³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjip̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-r̥əp/
English weep

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7877
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰrɯb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to weep; to sob
  2. tears

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (ideophonic) wind blowing rapidly

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of ().

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eup) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khắp, khấp, lớp, rắp, rập, khóc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.