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U+53EB, 叫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53EB

[U+53EA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53EC]
叫 U+2F839, 叫
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F839
𠭣
[U+2F838]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 叱
[U+2F83A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean
Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +2 in Chinese, 口+3 in Japanese, 5 strokes in Chinese, 6 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 口女中 (RVL), four-corner 64000, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 172, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 573, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53EB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*kriːw
*ɡiw
*kiːws
*kiːws
*kiːws
*qʰljɯw, *qʰljɯws
*kɯw, *krɯwʔ
*kɯw, *krɯw, *krɯwʔ
*kɯw, *krɯw
*krɯw, *krɯwʔ
*ɡrɯw
*ɡrɯw
*ɡrɯw

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kiːws): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kɯw, *krɯw).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiò - vernacular;
  • kiàu - literary.
Note: giê3 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiau¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕio⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiaɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kiau⁵³/
Taoyuan /keu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kiu³³/
Nanning /kiu³³/
Hong Kong /kiu³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiau²¹/
/kio²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiau²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kio²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kio³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/keuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/keuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/keuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛwH/
Li
Rong
/keuH/
Wang
Li
/kieuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kieuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kewH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁewk-s/
English shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6918
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kiːws/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be called
  2. to call; to name
  3. to call (someone)
  4. to cry; to shout
  5. to hail; to greet
  6. to ask; to order
  7. to hire; to call (a taxi); to order (in a restaurant, in a shop)
  8. (dialectal) to cry; to weep
  9. used in a passive sentence to introduce the agent; by

Usage notesEdit

  • (to call, to be called): When used for a person, is generally followed by one's given name or full name, as in English.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to be called): (xìng, “to be surnamed”)
  • (to order a dish): (diǎn)
Dialectal synonyms of (“to cry; to weep”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 哭泣
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin , 哭鼻子 humorous
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan , 哭鼻子
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Yangzhou
Nanjing , 哭鼻子 humorous
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan)
Conghua
Zengcheng
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing) ,
Dapeng
Yangjiang
Nanning
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang ,
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian , 叫眵, 叫嘴
Xingning
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
Huidong (Daling)
Dongguan (Qingxi)
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
Zhongshan (Wuguishan)
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
Wuhua (Shuizhai)
Wuhua (Huacheng) , 叫嘴
Wuhua (Changbu) , 叫嘴
Wuhua (Mianyang) , 叫嘴
Heyuan (Bendihua)
Qujiang 叫嘴
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Liannan
Conghua (Lütian)
Jiexi
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping 叫嘴
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 叫眵
Liudui (S. Sixian) , 叫眵
Hsinchu (Hailu) , 叫眵
Dongshi (Dabu) , 叫眵
Hsinchu (Raoping) , 唩眵
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah (Longchuan) , 叫嘴
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou , 啼嘛
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding ,
Matsu , 啼嘛
Min Nan Xiamen ,
Quanzhou ,
Yongchun
Zhangzhou ,
Taipei ,
Kaohsiung ,
Tainan ,
Taichung ,
Hsinchu ,
Lukang ,
Sanxia ,
Yilan ,
Kinmen
Magong ,
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Longyan
Zhangping
Datian
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Shehua Fu'an
Fuding
Luoyuan
Sanming
Shunchang
Hua'an
Guixi
Cangnan
Jingning
Lishui
Longyou
Chaozhou
Fengshun
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wuxi
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou
Dialectal synonyms of (“by; passive marker”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing , ,
Taiwan , ,
Jinan ,
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu ,
Yangzhou ,
Hefei ,
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang ,
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Daling)
Qujiang
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen ,
Quanzhou ,
Zhangzhou ,
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Chaozhou ,
Shantou ,
Haikou
Leizhou
Wu Suzhou , 撥勒
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha , , ,
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to shout; to scream
  2. to clamor for or against something, to make an appeal for or against something

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC keuH), compare modern Min Nan kiò.

PronunciationEdit

Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from  (きょう) (kyō):

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyu) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: khiếu[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: kêu[1][2][3][4], kíu[4]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit