See also:
U+7ACB, 立
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB

[U+7ACA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACC]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 117, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #117, .

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Cognate with (OC *ɢʷrɯbs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • li̍p - literary;
  • lia̍p - vernacular (only in 立捷).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
    Harbin /li⁵³/
    Tianjin /li⁵³/
    Jinan /li²¹/
    Qingdao /li⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
    Xi'an /li²¹/
    Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /li¹³/
    Lanzhou /li¹³/
    Ürümqi /li²¹³/
    Wuhan /ni²¹³/
    Chengdu /ni³¹/
    Guiyang /ni²¹/
    Kunming /li³¹/
    Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
    Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
    Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /liəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /li²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /li²²/
    Tunxi /li¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
    /lɐp̚²/
    Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
    Hong Kong /lap̚²/
    /lɐp̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
    /lip̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (141)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lip̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljep̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lip̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭĕp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯əp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lip ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rəp/
    English stand (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7869
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯb/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to stand
    2. to erect
    3. to set up; to establish
    4. to institute; to lay down; to draw up; to compose (legal document)
    5. to exist; to live
    6. standing
    7. upright; vertical
    8. immediately; at once
        ―    ―  immediately
      100% / 100%  ―  bù mǎi shěng 100%  ―  buy nothing and save 100% immediately
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From English litre.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Min Nan) litre

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. erect
    2. to set up
    3. to stand up
    4. to rise

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    りつ
    Grade: 1
    kan’yōon

    Middle Chinese

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (りつ) (ritsu

    1. stand
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    りっとる
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Ateji (当て字). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    NounEdit

    (リットル) (rittoru

    1. Rare spelling of リットル.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (seol rip), South Korea (seol ip))

    1. Hanja form? of / (to stand; to make erect; to establish).

    Usage notesEdit

    In South Korea, this hanja is spelled (ip) in the initial position of a word because of 두음 법칙 (頭音法則, dueum beopchik).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.