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U+7ACB, 立
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB

[U+7ACA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACC]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 117, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #117, .

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs
*ɢʷrɯbs
*ruːb
*ruːb
*sluːb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb, *ɡrɯb
*rɯb
*r̥ʰɯb
*kʰrɯb

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Cognate with (OC *ɢʷrɯbs).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (141)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lip̚/
Li
Rong
/liəp̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rəp/
English stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stand
  2. to erect
  3. to set up; to establish
  4. to institute; to lay down; to draw up; to compose (legal document)
  5. to exist; to live
  6. standing
  7. upright; vertical
  8. immediately; at once
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to stand”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 站立
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin ,
Jinan
Muping
Wanrong
Xi'an ,
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi ,
Wuhan
Chengdu ,
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Malaysia
Singapore
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan)
Conghua
Zengcheng
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui
Gaoming (Mingcheng)
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing)
Yangjiang
Nanning
Danzhou
Gan Nanchang ,
Lichuan
Pingxiang ,
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Daling)
Qujiang
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang ,
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha ,
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Note - often written as

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English litre.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) litre

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. erect
  2. to set up
  3. to stand up
  4. to rise

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
りつ
Grade: 1
kan’yōon

Middle Chinese

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana りつ, rōmaji ritsu)

  1. stand
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
りっとる
Grade: 1
Irregular

Ateji (当て字).

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

(katakana リットル, rōmaji rittoru)

  1. Rare spelling of リットル.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has literary Chinese texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (seol rip), South Korea (seol ip))

  1. Hanja form? of / (to stand; to make erect; to establish).

Usage notesEdit

This hanja is spelled (ip) in South Korea due to 두음 법칙 (頭音法則, dueum beopchik).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lập)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.