Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB
Code point U+7ACB
Entity number 立
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACA] [U+7ACC]
See also: ᇁ‎

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
立-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
立-oracle.svg 立-bronze.svg 立-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Also simplification of same root as in some characters, such as .

Han characterEdit

(radical 117 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108)

  1. stand
  2. let stand
  3. establish, set

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap ‎(to stand). Cognate with (wèi).

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (141)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/liɪp̚/ /lip̚/ /ljep̚/ /lip̚/ /liəp̚/ /lĭĕp̚/ /li̯əp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lip › /*k.rəp/ stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7869 1 /*rɯb/

VerbEdit

  1. to stand
  2. to set up, to establish
  3. to institute, to lay down, to draw up, to compose (legal document)
  4. to exist, to live

AdjectiveEdit

  1. standing
  2. upright, vertical

AdverbEdit

  1. immediately, at once

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 29
  • in CEDICT on MDBG

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. erect
  2. to set up
  3. to stand up
  4. to rise

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
りっとる
Grade: 1
Irregular

Ateji (当て字).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

NounEdit

‎(katakana リットル, romaji rittoru)

  1. Rare spelling of リットル.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(rip, ip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rip, ip, McCune-Reischauer: rip, ip, Yale: lip, ip)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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