See also:
U+7ACB, 立
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB

[U+7ACA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACC]
U+2F74, ⽴
KANGXI RADICAL STAND

[U+2F73]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F75]
U+F9F7, 立
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9F7

[U+F9F6]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9F8]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 117, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108, composition )

  1. Kangxi radical #117, .

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡗓

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Cognate with (OC *ɢʷrɯbs).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • li̍p - literary;
  • lia̍p - vernacular (only in 立捷).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Teochew) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (141)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter lip
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lip̚/
Li
Rong
/liəp̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lap6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rəp/
English stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯb/

Definitions

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  1. to stand
    座位辣海 [Shanghainese, trad.]
    座位辣海 [Shanghainese, simp.]
    6zhin-veq-tau 6zu-we-meq 6zhieu 5iau 8liq-laq-he-leq [Wugniu]
    If you can't find a seat, then you will have to stand.
  2. to erect
  3. to set up; to establish
  4. to institute; to lay down; to draw up; to compose (legal document)
  5. to exist; to live
  6. standing
  7. to place on the throne; to take the throne
  8. upright; vertical
  9. immediately; at once
      ―    ―  immediately
    100%100%  ―  bù mǎi shěng 100%  ―  buy nothing and save 100% immediately
Synonyms
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Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Vietnamese: lập ()

Etymology 2

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From English litre.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (Southern Min) litre

Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to stand up
  2. to rise
  3. erect
  4. to set up

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
りつ
Grade: 1
kan’yōon

Middle Chinese (liɪp̚)

Pronunciation

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Affix

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(りつ) (ritsu

  1. stand
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
りっとる
Grade: 1
(ateji)
irregular
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
リットル
[noun] liter/litre (unit of fluid measure)
(This term, , is an alternative spelling (obsolete) of the above term.)

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC lip). Recorded as Middle Korean 립〮 (líp) (Yale: líp) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (seol rip), word-initial (South Korea) (seol ip))

  1. Hanja form? of / (to stand; to make erect; to establish).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân

  1. chữ Hán form of lập (stand; set up, establish).
  2. chữ Hán form of Lập (a male given name).
    陳立Trần Lập

Compounds

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