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See also:
U+751C, 甜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-751C

[U+751B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+751D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 99, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹口廿一 (HRTM), four-corner 24670, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 754, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21656
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2414, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+751C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːd, *slem, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*l̥ʰeːmʔ
*l'eːm
*l'eːm
*l'iːm
*l̥ʰaːb

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (tongue) +  (sweet). Rearrangement of .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ljam (sweet; fragrant).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tiⁿ - vernacular;
  • tiâm - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰian³⁵/
    Harbin /tʰian²⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰian⁴⁵/
    Jinan /tʰiã⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʰiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tʰian⁴²/
    Xi'an /tʰiã²⁴/
    Xining /tʰiã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /tʰiɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /tʰian⁵¹/
    Wuhan /tʰiɛn⁴²/
    Chengdu /tʰian³¹/
    Guiyang /tʰian²¹/
    Kunming /tʰiɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /tʰien²⁴/
    Hefei /tʰiĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰie¹¹/
    Pingyao /tie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /di²³/
    Suzhou /diɪ¹³/
    Hangzhou /diẽ̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /di³¹/
    Hui Shexian /tʰe⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /tiɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /tiẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /diẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰiɛn²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰiam¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʰiɑm¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰim²¹/
    Nanning /tʰim²¹/
    Hong Kong /tʰim²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiam³⁵/
    /tĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tieŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /taŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tiam⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiam³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (157)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dem/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dem/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛm/
    Li
    Rong
    /dem/
    Wang
    Li
    /diem/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱiem/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tián
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12408
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sweet
    2. sweetness
    3. (figuratively) pleasant; comfortable; happy
    4. (figuratively, of sleep) sound

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (điềm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.