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See also:
U+8FA3, 辣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FA3

[U+8FA2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FA4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 160, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜十木中 (YJDL), four-corner 05496, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1251, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1731, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4040, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FA3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰeːɡs, *raːds
*raːds
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːd): semantic  + phonetic . The latter is an abbreviation of (OC *raːd).

EtymologyEdit

Possibly cognate with (OC *m·rads), (OC *red).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • la̍t - literary;
  • loa̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /la⁵¹/
    Harbin /la⁵³/
    Tianjin /lɑ⁵³/
    Jinan /la²¹/
    Qingdao /la⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /la²⁴/
    Xi'an /la²¹/
    Xining /la⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /la¹³/
    Lanzhou /la¹³/
    Ürümqi /la²¹³/
    Wuhan /na²¹³/
    Chengdu /na³¹/
    Guiyang /na²¹/
    Kunming /la̠³¹/
    Nanjing /lɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /lɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /laʔ²/
    Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /laʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /laʔ¹/
    Suzhou /laʔ³/
    Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /la²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /la²²/
    Tunxi /lɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
    Xiangtan /nɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /laʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /lat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /lɑt̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lat̚²/
    Nanning /ʟat̚²²/
    Hong Kong /lɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lat̚⁵/
    /luaʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /laʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /luɛ⁴²/
    /la²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /la⁵/
    /luaʔ⁵/
    /luaʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lua³³/

    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.rˁat/ (~ C.rˁat ?)
    English spicy-hot

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7591
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raːd/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. spicy; hot; peppery; pungent; hot
    2. cruel; vicious
        ―    ―  sinister
    3. (Shanghai) to be; to be located at

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“spicy”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan ,
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Dialectal synonyms of (“at, in”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing , ,
    Taiwan
    Jinan ,
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Foshan ,
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) ,
    Doumen
    Taishan ,
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Dongguan , ,
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou , ,
    Fuqing ,
    Min Nan Xiamen ,
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei , mT
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai , 辣辣, 辣海
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ral>nal)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lượt, lát, lạt, lướt, nhạt, nhợt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.