U+8FA3, 辣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FA3

[U+8FA2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FA4]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜十木中 (YJDL), four-corner 05496, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1251, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1731, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4040, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FA3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰeːɡs, *raːds
*raːds
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd
*raːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːd): semantic  + phonetic . The latter is an abbreviation of (OC *raːd).

EtymologyEdit

Possibly cognate with (OC *m·rads), (OC *red).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /la⁵¹/
Harbin /la⁵³/
Tianjin /lɑ⁵³/
Jinan /la²¹/
Qingdao /la⁴²/
Zhengzhou /la²⁴/
Xi'an /la²¹/
Xining /la⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /la¹³/
Lanzhou /la¹³/
Ürümqi /la²¹³/
Wuhan /na²¹³/
Chengdu /na³¹/
Guiyang /na²¹/
Kunming /la̠³¹/
Nanjing /lɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /lɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /laʔ²/
Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /laʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /laʔ¹/
Suzhou /laʔ³/
Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /la²¹³/
Hui Shexian /la²²/
Tunxi /lɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
Xiangtan /nɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /laʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /lat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lat̚²/
Nanning /ʟat̚²²/
Hong Kong /lɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lat̚⁵/
/luaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /laʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /luɛ⁴²/
/la²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /la⁵/
/luaʔ⁵/
/luaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lua³³/

Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lat ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.rˤat/ (~ C.rˤat ?)
English spicy-hot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7591
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːd/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spicy; hot; peppery; pungent; hot
  2. cruel; vicious
      ―    ―  sinister
  3. (Shanghai) to be; to be located at

SynonymsEdit

  • (at):
Dialectal synonyms of (“at, in”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei mT
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai 辣辣辣海
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ral>nal)
Eumhun:

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lượt, lát, lạt, lướt, nhạt, nhợt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.