See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜十木中 (YJDL), four-corner 05496, composition)

  1. peppery, pungent, hot
  2. cruel

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1251, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1731, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4040, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FA3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /la⁵¹/
Harbin /la⁵³/
Tianjin /lɑ⁵³/
Jinan /la²¹/
Qingdao /la⁴²/
Zhengzhou /la²⁴/
Xi'an /la²¹/
Xining /la⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /la¹³/
Lanzhou /la¹³/
Ürümqi /la²¹³/
Wuhan /na²¹³/
Chengdu /na³¹/
Guiyang /na²¹/
Kunming /la̠³¹/
Nanjing /lɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /lɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /laʔ²/
Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /laʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /laʔ¹/
Suzhou /laʔ³/
Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /la²¹³/
Hui Shexian /la²²/
Tunxi /lɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
Xiangtan /nɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /laʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /lat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lat̚²/
Nanning /ʟat̚²²/
Hong Kong /lɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lat̚⁵/
/luaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /laʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /luɛ⁴²/
/la²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /la⁵/
/luaʔ⁵/
/luaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lua³³/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lat › /*mə.rˤat (~ C.rˤat ?)/ spicy-hot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7591 1 /*raːd/ 辢後起字,辛原在右

AdjectiveEdit

  1. spicy; hot

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ral, nal)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: ral, nal, McCune-Reischauer: ral, nal, Yale: lal, nal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lượt, lát, lạt, lướt, nhạt, nhợt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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