See also:
U+6DE1, 淡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DE1

[U+6DE0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DE2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水火火 (EFF), four-corner 39189, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 630, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1032, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1660, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6DE1

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'aːm, *l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms, *lamʔ): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *ɦlam)

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • taam5 - vernacular;
  • daam6 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tāⁿ - vernacular;
    • tām - literary.
    Note:
    • dan6 - vernacular;
    • dam6 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • dan5 - vernacular;
    • dan4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/4 4/4
    Initial () (7) (7)
    Final () (143) (143)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /damX/ /damH/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑmX/ /dʱɑmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dàn dàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ damX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l]ˁamʔ/
    English insipid

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4 3/4
    No. 14300 14305
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'aːmʔ/ /*l'aːms/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (of food) bland; tasteless
      / [Cantonese]  ―  di1 tong1 hou2 taam5 [Jyutping]  ―  the soup is very bland
    2. (of color) light; pale
      Synonym: (qiǎn)
      Antonyms: (nóng), (shēn)
    3. (of liquid or gas) thin; low in density
    4. indifferent; cold
    5. slack; dull
        ―  dàn  ―  slack season; off-season
    6. meaningless; trivial

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/4
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (153)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jiᴇmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɛmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /jæmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jiamX/
    Li
    Rong
    /iɛmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭɛmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ɛmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    No. 14319
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lamʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 淡淡 (yǎnyǎn, yànyàn).
    2. appearance of water

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (143)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dam/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑm/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 14296
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'aːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (tán).
    2. appearance of water

    Etymology 4Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min) tasteless; insipid”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. diluted
    2. pale

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC dɑmX, dɑmH). Recorded as Middle Korean 담〯 (Yale: tam) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 맑을 (malgeul dam))

    1. Hanja form? of (clean; clear; pure).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đạm, đượm, vạm, đặm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.