See also: , , and
U+820C, 舌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-820C

[U+820B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+820D]
U+2F86, ⾆
KANGXI RADICAL TONGUE

[U+2F85]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F87]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 135, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口 (HJR), four-corner 20604, composition(GJKV) or ⿱(HT))

  1. Kangxi radical #135, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30277
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1463, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2941, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+820C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) – a forked tongue emerging upwards from a mouth ().

Etymology 1Edit

From (OC *ɦljeʔ, “to lick”) + *-t (nominal suffix for natural objects), literally “licker” (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chi̍h - vernacular;
  • sia̍t - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (27)
    Final () (81)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʑiᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʑiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʑjæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʑiat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʑiɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʑĭɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡ʑʰi̯ɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shé
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shé
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zyet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.lat/
    English tongue

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11220
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦbljed/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) tongue
    2. tongue-shaped object
    3. clapper of a bell
    4. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𠯑 (“to block the mouth”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𠯑.)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. tongue
    2. reed of a woodwind (musical instrument)
    3. clapper of a bell

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    した
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *sita.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (した) (shita

    1. tongue
      Synonym: べろ (bero)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʑiᴇt̚).

    Recorded as Middle Korean 쎠ᇙ〮* (Yale: ssyelq) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: sel) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (hyeo seol))

    1. Hanja form? of (tongue).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しちゃー, romaji shichā)

    1. tongue

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana すだ, romaji suda)

    1. tongue

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しちゃ, romaji shicha)

    1. tongue

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thiệt, thịt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YaeyamaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しぃたー, romaji sïtā)

    1. tongue

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana った, romaji tta)

    1. tongue