See also:
U+5584, 善
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5584

[U+5583]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5585]
善 U+2F845, 善
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F845
啣
[U+2F844]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 善
[U+2F846]
U2f846.svg
善 U+2F846, 善
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F846
善
[U+2F845]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 喙
[U+2F847]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 30, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿土廿口 (TGTR) or 廿廿口 (TTR), four-corner 80605, composition or ⿳𦍌)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 197, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 418, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 660, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5584

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Originally written in bronze inscriptions, consisting of two (OC *ŋan) and one . The (OC *ŋan) might have served as the phonetic component, while represented the sense "good; beautiful". The small seal script of was simplified from the bronze inscription form, consisting of one below one .

According to Shuowen, the form is an ideogrammic compound (會意): (to wrangle) + (sheep) – good; virtuous. This interpretation may be difficult to comprehend.

EtymologyEdit

Probably related to (OC *ɡjens, “to mend; to repair”).

PronunciationEdit


Note: sen5-4 - “to die”.
Note: siêng6 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑianX/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]e[n]ʔ/
English good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11084
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjenʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. good, virtuous, charitable, kind
    Antonym: (è)
    [Literary Chinese, trad. and simp.]
    From: Three Character Classic, circa 13th century CE
    Rén zhī chū, xìng běn shàn. [Pinyin]
    Men at their birth, are naturally good.
  2. (Taishanese, euphemistic) to die
    [Taishanese]  ―  hui1 sen5-4 [Wiktionary]  ―  go to hell

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. virtue
  2. goodness

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: 6
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑiᴇnX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ぜん) (zen

  1. good, good deed
    Antonym: (aku)
    • 1946, 三木清, 親鸞[1], 青空文庫:
      (そと)においてどれほど(ぜん)(おこ)なおうとしても、悪心(あくしん)()えず(うら)から(ひそ)んでくる。
      Soto ni oite dore hodo zen o okonaō to shite mo, akushin wa taezu ura kara hisonde kuru.
      No matter how much good one tries to do outside, evil thoughts will always come lurking from behind it.

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 착할 (chakhal seon))

  1. Hanja form? of (good, nice).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thiện

  1. chữ Hán form of thiện (kind, virtue, good).