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Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(rope) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 女火土土山 (VFGGU), four-corner 24911, composition)

  1. entwine
  2. wind around
  3. surround

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 939, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27909
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1378, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3450, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7E5E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 繞 (圍) 繞 (線)
Mandarin Beijing /ʐɑu⁵¹/
/ʐau²¹⁴/
/ʐɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʐau²¹³/
/iau²¹³/
/ʐau²¹³/
/iau²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑu¹³/
/ʐɑu¹³/
/iɑu⁵³/
/ʐɑu⁵³/
Jinan /ʐɔ⁵⁵/ /ʐɔ²¹/
Qingdao /iɔ⁴²/ /iɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐau⁵³/ /ʐau³¹²/
Xi'an /ʐau⁵³/ /ʐau⁵³/
Xining /ʐɔ⁵³/ /ʐɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐɔ⁵³/ /ʐɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʐɔ⁴⁴²/ /ʐɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐɔ⁵¹/ /ʐɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /nau⁴²/ /nau⁴²/
Chengdu /zau⁵³/ /zau¹³/
Guiyang /zao²¹³/ /zao⁴²/
Kunming /ʐɔ⁵³/ /ʐɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /ʐɔo²¹²/ /ʐɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʐɔ²⁴/ /ʐɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /zau⁵³/ /zau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʐɔ⁵³/ /ʐɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /ʐɔ⁵³/ /ʐɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɔ¹³/ /ȵiɔ¹³/
Suzhou /zæ³¹/ /ȵiæ³¹/
Hangzhou /zɔ¹³/ /ȵiɔ¹³/
Wenzhou /jiɛ³⁵/ /jiɛ²²/
Hui Shexian /niɔ³⁵/ /niɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵio³¹/ /ȵio³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐau⁴¹/ /ʐau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /iaɯ⁴²/ /iaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋiau³¹/ /ŋiau³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋieu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jiu²³/ /kʰiu²³/
Nanning /jiu³⁵/ /jiu²²/
Hong Kong /jiu¹³/ /kʰiu¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liau⁵³/ /liau²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nau³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niau²¹/ /niau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziau²¹³/ /ziau²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zau²¹³/ /zau⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇuX/ /ȵʑi̯ɛuX/ /ȵiɛuX/ /ȵiɛuX/ /ȵiawX/ /ȵʑĭɛuX/ /ȵʑjæuX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇuH/ /ȵʑi̯ɛuH/ /ȵiɛuH/ /ȵiɛuH/ /ȵiawH/ /ȵʑĭɛuH/ /ȵʑjæuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rǎo ‹ nyewX › /*[ŋ]ewʔ (< uvular?)/ curved
rǎo ‹ nyewH › /*[ŋ]ewʔ-s (< uvular?)/ to wind round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14673 2 /*ŋjewʔ/
14676 1 /*ŋjaws/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana にょう, romaji nyō, historical hiragana ねう)

  1. Chinese character radical that covers the left and bottom of a Chinese character

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yo) (hangeul , revised yo, McCune-Reischauer yo, Yale yo)

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