Open main menu
See also: and
U+71D2, 燒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71D2

[U+71D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 86, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 火土土山 (FGGU), four-corner 94811, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 683, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1095, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2231, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+71D2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋaːw, *rŋaːw, *rnaːwʔ
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːws, *ŋjew
*ŋ̊ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̊ʰeːwʔ
*ŋ̊ʰreːw
*hŋreːw
*hŋreːw, *ŋeːws
*hŋjew, *hŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ʔŋew
*ŋjew
*ŋjew
*ŋjewʔ, *ŋjaws
*ŋjewʔ
*njewʔ, *neːwʔ, *hŋeːws
*ŋ̊ʰew, *ŋ̊ʰews
*ŋ̊ʰew
*ɡew, *ɡews
*ŋkeːw, *ŋeːws
*ŋkeːw
*kŋeːwʔ, *ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːws
*hŋeːw, *hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋjew, *hŋjaws): semantic  (fire) + phonetic  (OC *ŋeːw).

EtymologyEdit

From (OC *ŋjew, “firewood; fuel”) with causative devoicing (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sio - vernacular;
  • siau - literary.
Note:
  • siê1 - Chaozhou;
  • sio1 - Shantou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (26) (26)
    Final () (91) (91)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇu/ /ɕiᴇuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛu/ /ɕiɛuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæu/ /ɕjæuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiaw/ /ɕiawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛu/ /ɕiɛuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛu/ /ɕĭɛuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛu/ /ɕi̯ɛuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shāo shào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ̊]ew/
    English burn

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 14666 14667
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hŋjew/ /*hŋjaws/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to burn
      /   ―  ránshāo  ―  to burn
    2. to heat up; to make warm
    3. to burn; to corrode
    4. to roast; to grill; to braise
      /   ―  shāoròu  ―  siu yuk
    5. to stew after frying, or to fry after stewing
    6. to cook (food)
    7. (of a fuse) to blow
    8. (medicine) to have a fever; to run a temperature
    9. (medicine) fever; temperature
    10. (colloquial) bigheaded; conceited and forgetting oneself due to having too much resources (money etc.)
    11. (Central Plains Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, Gan, Hakka, Jin, Min Nan, Min Bei) hot (having a high temperature)
      / [Teochew]  ―  sio1 zui2 [Peng'im]  ―  hot water
    12. (Cantonese) to set off (firecrackers, fireworks, etc.)
      炮仗 / 炮仗 [Cantonese]  ―  siu1 paau3 zoeng6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off firecrackers
      煙花 / 烟花 [Cantonese]  ―  siu1 jin1 faa1 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off fireworks
    13. (Cantonese, electronics) to burn out
    14. (Sichuan) to smoke
    15. (Sichuan) to trick; to deceive
    16. (Sichuan) to ridicule; to roast
    17. (Min Nan) hot; having a high temperature

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (so) (hangeul , revised so, McCune–Reischauer so, Yale so)

    1. to burn
    2. fire

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thiêu, thiu, sao)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.