Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+8123, 脣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8123

[U+8122]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8124]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一女月 (MVB), four-corner 71227, composition or ⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 983, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29526
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1436, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2076, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8123

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰɯl, *tʰɯnʔ, *tʰɯn
*tɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *tjɯns
*tjɯn, *tjɯn
*tjɯn, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *ɦljun
*tjɯn
*tjɯnʔ, *tjɯns
*tjɯnʔ
*tjɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn
*tjɯns, *hljɯn
*djɯns, *djɯnʔ, *djins
*djɯn
*djɯn, *ɦljɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̊ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*djun
*ɦljun
*ɦljun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljun): phonetic  (OC *djɯn) + semantic  (flesh).

EtymologyEdit

Original meaning was apparently “edge”. Related to (OC *ɦljun, “bank of a river”), (OC *djɯn, “eave (i.e. edge of a roof)”) and (OC *kljɯnʔ, *klɯnʔ, “ulcer of the lip”) (Wang, 1982).

Further etymology is not clear. The various theories are:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tûn - vernacular;
  • sûn - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 脣 (唇)
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /fə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕyn²¹³/
Chengdu /suən³¹/
Guiyang /suen²¹/
Kunming /ʂuə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʂun²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷen²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
/ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sun⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /søn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun³⁵/
/tun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
/œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (27)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑwin/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chún
Middle
Chinese
‹ zywin ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.dur/
English lip

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1389
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljun/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) lip
  2. (figuratively) lip-shaped thing
  3. (Hakka, Min Nan) side; edge
    / [Hakka]  ―  lu-sùn [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  roadside
    耳仔 / 耳仔 [Min Nan]  ―  hīⁿ-á tûn [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  helix of the ear

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 嘴脣 (“lips”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 嘴脣
Mandarin Beijing 嘴脣兒
Taiwan 嘴脣
Tianjin 嘴脣兒
Jinan 嘴脣
Xi'an 嘴脣兒
Wuhan 嘴脣
Chengdu 嘴皮
Yangzhou 嘴脣子
Hefei 嘴脣
Cantonese Guangzhou 口脣嘴脣
Hong Kong 嘴脣口脣
Taishan 口脣嘴脣
Yangjiang 嘴脣
Gan Nanchang 嘴脣嘴脣皮嘴脣皮子
Hakka Meixian 嘴脣
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 嘴脣
Liudui (S. Sixian) 嘴脣
Hsinchu (Hailu) 嘴脣
Dongshi (Dabu) 嘴脣
Zhuolan (Raoping) 嘴脣
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 嘴脣
Jin Taiyuan 嘴脣
Min Bei Jian'ou 喙脣
Min Dong Fuzhou 喙皮
Min Nan Xiamen 喙脣
Quanzhou 喙脣
Zhangzhou 喙脣
Taipei 喙脣
Kaohsiung 喙脣
Penang 喙脣
Philippines (Manila) 喙脣
Chaozhou 喙脣
Wu Suzhou 嘴脣嘴脣皮
Wenzhou 嘴脣
Xiang Changsha 嘴巴皮嘴巴皮子
Shuangfeng 嘴巴皮

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sun, min) (hangeul , , revised sun, min, McCune-Reischauer sun, min, Yale swun, min)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.