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See also:
U+8123, 脣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8123

[U+8122]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8124]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一女月 (MVB), four-corner 71227, composition or ⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 983, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29526
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1436, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2076, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8123

ChineseEdit

trad. /*
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰɯl, *tʰɯnʔ, *tʰɯn
*tɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *tjɯns
*tjɯn, *tjɯn
*tjɯn, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *ɦljun
*tjɯn
*tjɯnʔ, *tjɯns
*tjɯnʔ
*tjɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn
*tjɯns, *hljɯn
*djɯns, *djɯnʔ, *djins
*djɯn
*djɯn, *ɦljɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̊ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*djun
*ɦljun
*ɦljun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljun): phonetic  (OC *djɯn) + semantic  (flesh).

EtymologyEdit

Original meaning was apparently “edge”. Related to (OC *ɦljun, “bank of a river”), (OC *djɯn, “eave (i.e. edge of a roof)”) and (OC *kljɯnʔ, *klɯnʔ, “ulcer of the lip”) (Wang, 1982).

Further etymology is not clear. The various theories are:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tûn - vernacular;
  • sûn - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 脣 (唇)
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuən²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴²/
    Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²⁴/
    Xining /fə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕyn²¹³/
    Chengdu /suən³¹/
    Guiyang /suen²¹/
    Kunming /ʂuə̃¹/
    Nanjing /ʂun²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷen²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
    Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /sun⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sun¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃun¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søn²¹/
    Nanning /sɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /søn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun³⁵/
    /tun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
    /œyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tuŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdun³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (27)
    Final () (47)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʑiuɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʑʷin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʑjuen/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʑwin/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʑiuĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʑĭuĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡ʑʰi̯uĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shún
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zywin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.dur/
    English lip

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1389
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦljun/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) lip
    2. (figuratively) lip-shaped thing
    3. (Hakka, Min Nan) side; edge
      / [Hakka]  ―  lu-sùn [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  roadside
      耳仔 / 耳仔 [Min Nan]  ―  hīⁿ-á tûn [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  helix of the ear

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 嘴脣 (“lips”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 嘴脣
    Mandarin Beijing 嘴脣兒
    Taiwan 嘴脣
    Tianjin 嘴脣兒
    Jinan 嘴脣
    Xi'an 嘴脣兒
    Wuhan 嘴脣
    Chengdu 嘴皮
    Yangzhou 嘴脣子
    Hefei 嘴脣
    Cantonese Guangzhou 口脣嘴脣
    Hong Kong 嘴脣口脣
    Taishan 口脣嘴脣
    Yangjiang 嘴脣
    Gan Nanchang 嘴脣嘴脣皮嘴脣皮子
    Hakka Meixian 嘴脣
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 嘴脣
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 嘴脣
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 嘴脣
    Dongshi (Dabu) 嘴脣
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 嘴脣
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 嘴脣
    Jin Taiyuan 嘴脣
    Min Bei Jian'ou 喙脣
    Min Dong Fuzhou 喙皮
    Min Nan Xiamen 喙脣
    Quanzhou 喙脣
    Zhangzhou 喙脣
    Taipei 喙脣
    Kaohsiung 喙脣
    Penang 喙脣
    Philippines (Manila) 喙脣
    Chaozhou 喙脣
    Wu Suzhou 嘴脣嘴脣皮
    Wenzhou 嘴脣
    Xiang Changsha 嘴巴皮嘴巴皮子
    Shuangfeng 嘴巴皮

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (sun, min) (hangeul , , revised sun, min, McCune–Reischauer sun, min, Yale swun, min)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.