Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手一一女 (QMMV), four-corner 51032, composition)

  1. raise, excite, arouse action

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 431, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12093
  • Dae Jaweon: page 780, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1879, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+632F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɪn/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕn/ /t͡ɕiĕn/ /t͡ɕin/ /cin/ /t͡ɕĭĕn/ /t͡ɕjen/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɪnH/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/ /t͡ɕiĕnH/ /t͡ɕinH/ /cinH/ /t͡ɕĭĕnH/ /t͡ɕjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēn ‹ tsyin › /*tər/ numerous; majestic
zhèn ‹ tsyinH › /*tər-s/ shake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1358 1 /*tjɯn/ 原誤側鄰切,依韻目注改
1366 1 /*tjɯns/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chấn, trung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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