U+770B, 看
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-770B

[U+770A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+770C]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹手月山 (HQBU), four-corner 20604, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 803, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23196
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1219, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2474, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+770B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (eye) – to put a hand above eyes to gaze afar.

EtymologyEdit

STEDT compares it to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *ka(n/ŋ) (to know; to see).

Also compare Tibetan མཁན་པོ (mkhan po, professor; abbot) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • khòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • khàn - literary.
Note: kang3 - literary (in 看相).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 看 (見)
Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰan⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰan⁵³/
Jinan /kʰã²¹/
Qingdao /kʰã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰan³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰã⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰã²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰan¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰan²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰan¹³/
Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/
Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰø⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /kʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn³³/
Nanning /hɔn³³/
Hong Kong /hɔn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan²¹/
/kʰuã²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰaŋ²¹³/
/kʰuã²¹³/
/tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (29)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰanH/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˁa[r]-s/
English gaze at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7355
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːns/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to look; to see; to watch
    電影 / 电影  ―  kàn diànyǐng  ―  to watch a movie
  2. (transitive) to read
    報紙 / 报纸  ―  kàn bàozhǐ  ―  to read the newspaper
  3. (obsolete) to observe; to check
    輿 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    kàn lún gū, shēng yú xià zhěn. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    Chū mén cuō diē, kàn dào hòu lǚ. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  4. to visit; to call on
  5. to think; to feel (that)
  6. to consider; to regard as; to treat like
  7. to depend on
      ―  yào kàn  ―  it depends on...
  8. to treat (a patient or sickness)
  9. participle indicating mood of trying
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • khan, khàn - literary;
  • khòaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 看 (守)
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kʰan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kʰan²¹/
    Jinan /kʰã²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kʰan²⁴/
    Xi'an /kʰã²¹/
    Xining /kʰã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kʰan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /kʰan⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰan¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /kʰæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /kʰɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰø⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰuːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰan³³/
    Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn⁴²/ 養雞
    Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn⁵³/
    Nanning /hɔn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hɔn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁa[r]/
    English to watch, guard

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 7354
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰaːn/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to look after; to take care of; to tend; to keep an eye on
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 看 (守) 看 (見)
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰan²¹/ /kʰan⁵³/
    Jinan /kʰã²¹/ /kʰã²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰã²¹³/ /kʰã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰan²⁴/ /kʰan³¹²/
    Xi'an /kʰã²¹/ /kʰã⁴⁴/
    Xining /kʰã⁴⁴/ /kʰã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n³¹/ /kʰɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/ /kʰan³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰan¹³/ /kʰan¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/ /kʰan²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/ /kʰã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰaŋ³¹/ /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /kʰæ̃²¹/ /kʰæ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃¹¹/ /kʰæ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kʰɑŋ¹³/ /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/ /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/ /kʰø³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰø⁵⁵/ /kʰø⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞³³/ /kʰẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/ /kʰø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/ /kʰɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰuːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰan³³/ /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn⁴²/ 養雞 /kʰɵn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/ /kʰon⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/ /kʰon⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn⁵³/ /hɔn³³/
    Nanning /hɔn⁵⁵/ /hɔn³³/
    Hong Kong /hɔn⁵⁵/ /hɔn³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan²¹/
    /kʰuã²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/ /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/ /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀 /kʰaŋ²¹³/
    /kʰuã²¹³/
    /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望 /mo²³/ 訓望

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Teochew) Alternative form of .

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. watch over
    2. see

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰɑn, kʰɑnH).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (かん) (kan

    1. to watch over; to watch attentively

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bol gan))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khan, khán, khản)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit