See also: 自杀

ChineseEdit

 
from; self; oneself
from; self; oneself; since
to kill; to murder; to slaughter
trad. (自殺)
simp. (自杀)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (15) (21)
Final () (15) (75)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪH/ /ʃˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziH/ /ʃᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjɪH/ /ʃæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziH/ /ʂəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziH/ /ʃɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ziH/ /ʃæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱiH/ /ʂat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sha
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shā
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzijH › ‹ dzijH › ‹ srɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s<r>at/
English self (adv.) to follow; from kill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
No. 17879 11010
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljids/ /*sreːd/

VerbEdit

自殺

  1. to commit suicide; to kill oneself; to take one's own life
    去年自殺 / 去年自杀  ―  Tā qùnián zìshā le.  ―  He took his own life last year.
    應該媒體報導關於自殺新聞 [MSC, trad.]
    应该媒体报导关于自杀新闻 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīnggāi zài méitǐ zhōng bàodǎo guānyú zìshā de xīnwén ma? [Pinyin]
    Should suicides be reported in news media?

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (自殺):
  • Japanese: ()(さつ) (jisatsu)
  • Korean: 자살 (自殺, jasal)
  • Vietnamese: tự sát (自殺)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
さつ
Grade: 5
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

自殺(じさつ) (jisatsu

  1. suicide
    • 1988 July 30 [Dec 25 1983], Fujiko F. Fujio, “四畳半SL旅行 [Yojōhan SL Travel]”, in ひとりぼっちの宇宙戦争 [The One-Man Cosmic War] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 1), volume 1 (fiction), 16th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 127:
      パパがあまいからですよ。
      Papa ga amai kara desu yo.
      You’re too easy on him, honey.
      だがな、きびしくして(いえ)()()(さつ)でもされてはな。
      Daga na, kibishiku shite iede ya jisatsu demo sarete wa na.
      If I were to be tough on him, he would run away and kill himself.
      そうね。あんな()わった()ですからね………。
      Sō ne. Anna kawatta ko desu kara ne……….
      You’re right. He’s such a peculiar child....

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

自殺(じさつ)する (jisatsu surusuru (stem 自殺(じさつ) (jisatsu shi), past 自殺(じさつ)した (jisatsu shita))

  1. to commit suicide

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

自殺 (jasal) (hangeul 자살)

  1. Hanja form? of 자살 (suicide).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

VerbEdit

自殺

  1. Hán tự form of tự sát (suicide).