ChineseEdit

Brassica juncea
 
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
trad. (芥子)
simp. #(芥子)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

芥子

  1. mustard seeds
  2. (Buddhism) tiny thing

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (芥子):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
から
Jinmeiyō
(ateji)

Grade: 1
(ateji)
Irregular on’yomi
Alternative spellings 辛子
 
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From classical adjective 辛し (karashi), modern 辛い (karai, spicy).[1][2]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 芥子.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

芥子(からし) (karashi

  1. Synonym of 芥子菜 (karashina): the Indian mustard, Brassica juncea [early 10th century]
  2. a spice made from the kneaded seeds of the Indian mustard [mid-8th century]
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かい
Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
kan’on
Kanji in this term
かい > がい
Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
Irregular kan’on

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

In 漢方 (kanpō, traditional Chinese medicine), the initial kai is voiced.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

芥子(かいし) or 芥子(がいし) (kaishi or gaishi

  1. (especially in traditional Chinese medicine) the seed of the Indian mustard, Brassica juncea
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
goon
Alternative spelling 罌粟
 
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

芥子(けし) (keshi

  1. the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum
  2. any other species of the Papaver genus; a poppy
  3. (archaic) Synonym of 芥子菜 (karashina): the Indian mustard, Brassica juncea
  4. Short for 芥子玉 (keshidama): a dyeing pattern with lined rows of dots
  5. an armor decoration in the form of studs resembling poppy seeds
  6. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  7. Short for 芥子坊主 (keshi bōzu): an infant hairstyle with only the hair in the top of the head unshaven, resembling the hull remains of a poppy fruit
  8. (prefixed to nouns) something tiny
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

芥子(けし) (Keshi

  1. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN