See also: and
U+8F15, 輕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F15

[U+8F14]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F16]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 159, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十十一女一 (JJMVM), four-corner 51011, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1244, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38346
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1720, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3534, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8F15

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs): semantic  (carriage) + phonetic  (OC *keːŋ). Explanation of semantic component: light carriage.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-jaːŋ (light (weight); lightweight) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan ཡང་མོ (yang mo, light), Jingpho tsang (tsa̱ŋ³³, light (of weight)), Mizo zâng (light).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • heng1 - vernacular;
  • hing1 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • khiâng/kiang1 - vernacular;
    • khîn/kin1 - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khin - vernacular;
    • kheng - literary;
    • khiaⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 輕薄轻薄 (“physically weak”)).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰaŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁴²/
    /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/ ~鬆
    Hakka Meixian /kʰin⁴⁴/ ~視
    /kʰiaŋ⁴⁴/ 重~
    Taoyuan /kʰin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
    /hɛŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /hɛŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /kʰin⁵⁵/
    /kʰiã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiaŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xin²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (29)
    Final () (121) (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰiᴇŋ/ /kʰiᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiæŋ/ /kʰiæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰiajŋ/ /kʰiajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭɛŋ/ /kʰĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ɛŋ/ /kʰi̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qīng qìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjieng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]eŋ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
    English light (≠ heavy)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6792 6793
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeŋ/ /*kʰeŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. light (of low weight)
      Antonym: (zhòng)
    2. small; little; slight; minor; insignificant
    3. lightweight; portable; convenient to carry or manoeuvre
    4. rash; rattlebrained
    5. frivolous; skittish; giddy
    6. easy; simple; relaxed
    7. humble; meagre; inexpensive
    8. gentle; light; soft
    9. to belittle; to make light of
    10. to lighten; to reduce
    11. to forgive; to pardon
    12. light carriage
      就熟 / 就熟  ―  jiàqīngjiùshú  ―  a walk in the park; a piece of cake (literally, "to drive a light carriage on a familiar route")
    13. Short for 輕工業轻工业 (qīnggōngyè, “light industry”).
    14. (obsolete, chemistry) Alternative name for (qīng, “hydrogen”).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. light
    2. easy
    3. simple
    4. gentle

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gyeong) (hangeul )

    1. light
    2. easy, simple
    3. gentle

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khinh, khỉnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.