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U+8F15, 輕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F15

[U+8F14]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F16]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 159, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十十一女一 (JJMVM), four-corner 51011, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1244, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38346
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1720, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3534, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8F15

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
*keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
*ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
*keːŋ, *keːŋs
*keːŋ
*keːŋ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*qʰeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
*ɡeːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs): semantic  (carriage) + phonetic  (OC *keːŋ). Explanation of semantic component: light carriage.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • heng1 - vernacular;
  • hing1 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • khiâng - vernacular;
    • khîn - literary.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khin - vernacular;
    • kheng - literary;
    • khiaⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 輕薄轻薄 (“physically weak”)).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰaŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁴²/
    /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/ ~鬆
    Hakka Meixian /kʰin⁴⁴/ ~視
    /kʰiaŋ⁴⁴/ 重~
    Taoyuan /kʰin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
    /hɛŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /hɛŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /kʰin⁵⁵/
    /kʰiã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiaŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xin²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (29)
    Final () (121) (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰiᴇŋ/ /kʰiᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiæŋ/ /kʰiæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰiajŋ/ /kʰiajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭɛŋ/ /kʰĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ɛŋ/ /kʰi̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qīng qìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjieng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]eŋ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
    English light (≠ heavy)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6792 6793
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeŋ/ /*kʰeŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. light (of low weight)
    2. small; little; slight; minor; insignificant
    3. lightweight; portable; convenient to carry or manoeuvre
    4. rash; rattlebrained
    5. frivolous; skittish; giddy
    6. easy; simple; relaxed
    7. humble; meagre; inexpensive
    8. gentle; light; soft
    9. to belittle; to make light of
    10. to lighten; to reduce
    11. to forgive; to pardon
    12. (historical) light carriage
    13. Short for 輕工業轻工业 (qīnggōngyè, “light industry”).
    14. (chemistry) Alternative name for (qīng, “hydrogen”).

    AntonymsEdit

    • (light): (zhòng)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. light
    2. easy
    3. simple
    4. gentle

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gyeong) (hangeul )

    1. light
    2. easy, simple
    3. gentle

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khinh, khỉnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.