See also:
U+84BC, 蒼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-84BC

[U+84BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+84BD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿人戈口 (TOIR), four-corner 44607, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1050, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31627
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1512, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3266, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+84BC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaːŋ, *sʰaːŋʔ): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *sʰaːŋ).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-riŋ ~ s-r(j)aŋ (to live; to be alive; to give birth; raw; green) (STEDT). May be an old dialect variant of (OC *sʰleːŋ, “green; blue”). Also cognate with (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs, “to live”), (OC *sleŋs, “nature”), (OC *sleŋs, “surname”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note: cong2 - only in 莽蒼莽苍.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (14)
Final () (101) (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑŋ/ /t͡sʰɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑŋ/ /t͡sʰɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑŋ/ /t͡sʰɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰaŋ/ /t͡sʰaŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑŋ/ /t͡sʰɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑŋ/ /t͡sʰɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑŋ/ /t͡sʰɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cāng cǎng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˁaŋ/
English deep blue or green

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1126 1131
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːŋ/ /*sʰaːŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. blue; green
  2. white; greyish white

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. blue
  2. green

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chang) (hangeul , revised chang, McCune–Reischauer ch'ang, Yale chang)

  1. green
  2. blue
  3. to grow thick

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.