See also:
U+84BC, 蒼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-84BC

[U+84BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+84BD]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 140, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿人戈口 (TOIR), four-corner 44607, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1050, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31627
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1512, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3266, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+84BC

Chinese

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𦭆
𡶍

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *sʰaːŋ, *sʰaːŋʔ) : semantic (grass) + phonetic (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-riŋ ~ s-r(j)aŋ (to live; to be alive; to give birth; raw; green) (STEDT). May be an old dialect variant of (OC *sʰleːŋ, “green; blue”). Also cognate with (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs, “to live”), (OC *sleŋs, “nature”), (OC *sleŋs, “surname”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (14)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter tshang
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰaŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cong1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˁaŋ/
English deep blue or green

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1126
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːŋ/

Definitions

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  1. blue; green
  2. white; greyish white

Compounds

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Pronunciation 2

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Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (14)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter tshangX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰaŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cong2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1131
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːŋʔ/

Definitions

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  1. Used in 蒼莽苍莽 (cǎngmǎng, “boundless”).

Further reading

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. blue
  2. green

Readings

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Compounds

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Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 푸를 (pureul chang))

  1. green
  2. blue
  3. to grow thick

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: thương

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.