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U+6027, 性
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6027

[U+6026]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6028]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹手一 (PHQM), four-corner 95010, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 381, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10478
  • Dae Jaweon: page 710, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2286, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6027

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleŋs): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs) – nature, personal quality, hence of the heart.

EtymologyEdit

Derived from (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs, “to live; to be born; innate”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sáng - colloquial;
  • séng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sèng - literary;
    • sìⁿ/sèⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 性命).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /siajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*seŋ-s/
    English nature

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11358
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sleŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. nature; character; personality
    2. sex; gender
    3. (linguistics) gender
    4. sexual intercourse
    5. Suffix forming nouns and adjectives, denoting qualities.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. one's nature
    2. characteristic
    3. sex, gender
    4. content

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (sjengH, nature of something, inherent quality).

    The goon, so the initial borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しょう, rōmaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

    1. the nature of something

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    せい
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (sjengH, nature of something, inherent quality).

    The kan'on, so a later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

    1. sex, gender
    2. (grammar) gender
    SynonymsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana せい, rōmaji -sei)

    1. -ity, -ness, the nature of quality or something

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    さが
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Probably from Old Japanese, although the ultimate derivation is unknown. Appears in The Tale of Genji and The Tales of Ise of the Heian period.[3]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana さが, rōmaji saga)

    1. one's nature
    2. characteristic
    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune–Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tính, dính, tánh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.