U+6027, 性
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6027

[U+6026]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6028]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹手一 (PHQM), four-corner 95010, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 381, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10478
  • Dae Jaweon: page 710, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2286, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6027

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *sleŋs) : semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs) – nature, personal quality, hence of the heart.

Etymology edit

Derived from (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs, “to live; to be born; innate”).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • sáng - colloquial;
  • séng - literary.
Note:
  • sèng - literary;
  • sìⁿ/sèⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 性命).
Note: sin3 - limited, used in 慣性.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter sjengH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/siæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siajŋH/
Li
Rong
/siɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xìng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sing3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*seŋ-s/
English nature

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sleŋs/

Definitions edit

  1. nature; character; personality
  2. sex; gender
  3. (grammar) gender
  4. sexual intercourse
  5. -ness; -ity (suffix forming nouns and adjectives, denoting qualities)

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (せい) (sei); (しょう) (shō)
  • Korean: 성(性) (seong)
  • Vietnamese: tính ()

Others:

  • Tangut: 𗵤 (*sjij¹)

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. one's nature
  2. characteristic
  3. sex, gender
  4. content

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 5
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC sjengH, “nature of something, inherent quality”).

The goon, so the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(しょう) (shōしやう (syau)?

  1. the nature of something

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC sjengH, “nature of something, inherent quality”).

The kan'on, so a later borrowing.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(せい) (sei

  1. sex, gender
  2. (grammar) gender
Synonyms edit

Suffix edit

(せい) (-sei

  1. -ity, -ness, the nature of quality or something
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
さが
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Probably from Old Japanese, although the ultimate derivation is unknown. Appears in The Tale of Genji and The Tales of Ise of the Heian period.[3]

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(さが) (saga

  1. one's nature
  2. characteristic
Synonyms edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  3. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 성품 (seongpum seong))

  1. Hanja form? of (nature; character; sex).
  2. Hanja form? of (-ness; -ity (suffix forming nouns and adjectives, denoting qualities)).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tính, dính, tánh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.