See also: and
U+885B, 衛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-885B

[U+885A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+885C]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 144, +9 in Chinese, 行+10 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 16 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 竹人木手弓 (HODQN), four-corner 21221 or 21506, composition or )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1109, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34073
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1574, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 845, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+885B

Chinese

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trad. /
simp.
alternative forms
𠀄

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɢʷads) : semantic + phonetic (OC *ɢʷɯl).

Pronunciation

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  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵¹/
Harbin /uei²¹³/
Tianjin /vei⁵³/
Jinan /vei²¹/
Qingdao /ve⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uei³¹²/
Xi'an /uei⁴⁴/
Xining /uɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /vei⁵³/ 保~
/vei¹³/ ~生
Lanzhou /vei³¹/
Ürümqi /vei²¹³/
Wuhan /uei³⁵/
Chengdu /uei¹³/
Guiyang /uei²¹³/
Kunming /uei²¹²/
Nanjing /uəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /uei³⁵/
Hohhot /vei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦue²³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦui¹³/
Wenzhou /vu²²/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁵⁵/
/uei¹¹/
Xiangtan /uəi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁵³/
Taoyuan /vui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi²²/
Nanning /wɐi²²/
Hong Kong /wɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /ue²²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /uɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /ue³⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /hui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (38)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjwejH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚieiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjwiajH/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wèi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wai6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a[t]-s/
English to guard

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12964
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷads/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. to guard; to protect; to defend
  2. security guard
  3. (~國) the State of Wey during the Zhou dynasty, located in modern-day northeastern Henan province
  4. Short for 衛生卫生 (wèishēng, “hygiene; health”).
  5. Short for 衛生間卫生间 (wèishēngjiān, “toilet; bathroom”).
  6. (astronomy) satellite (in satellite names)
      ―  wèiliù  ―  Titan
  7. a surname
      ―  Wèi Lìhuáng  ―  Wei Lihuang (Chinese general who served the Nationalist government)

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji

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(Fifth grade kyōiku kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. defense
  2. protection

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
kan'on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC hjwejH).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

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Affix

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(えい) (eiゑい (wei)?

  1. defend; protect; guard

Proper noun

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(えい) (Eiゑい (wei)?

  1. (historical) Wey (state)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
goon
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC hjwejH).

The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation

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Affix

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() (e (we)?

  1. (rare) defend; protect; guard

Etymology 3

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Kanji in this term
まもる
Grade: 5
nanori
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Proper noun

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(まもる) (Mamoru

  1. a male given name

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 지킬 (jikil wi))

  1. Hanja form? of (protection).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: vệ, về

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.