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U+8C6D, 豭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C6D

[U+8C6C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C6E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 152, +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一人口尸水 (MORSE), four-corner 17247, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1198, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36435
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1660, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3618, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+8C6D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːʔ
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraːʔ, *kraːs
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*qʰraː, *ɡraː
*qʰraː, *qʰraːs
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraːʔ).

Derivative: (“home”).

EtymologyEdit

Wang (1982) relates this word to (OC *klaːʔ, “(black) ram”), (OC *kaːʔ, “male bovine”) and (OC *kraː, “stag”); thus, this word is likely a general word for “male animal”. However, Schuessler (2007) considers (OC *kaːʔ) to be a post-classical loanword from Austroasiatic, and (OC *klaːʔ) a cognate to (OC *kad, “wether”). See these entries for more.

The common word for “pig” in most modern varieties of Chinese, (OC *ta), is likely a derivative. See there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ka/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ka/
Wang
Li
/ka/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ka/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiā
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiā
Middle
Chinese
‹ kae ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁra/
English boar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5951
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. boar; male pig
  2. (in general) pig

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. boar
  2. male pig

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): (ka), (ke)
  • Kun: おすのいのこ (osunoinoko)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune–Reischauer ka)

  1. a (male) hog
  2. a boar