U+726F, 牯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-726F

[U+726E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7270]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 93, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹手十口 (HQJR), four-corner 24560, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 699, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19981
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1112, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1806, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+726F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːʔ): semantic (cow) + phonetic (OC *kaːʔ)

EtymologyEdit

Wang (1982) related this word to (OC *klaːʔ, “(black) ram”) and (OC *kraː, “boar”).

However, Schuessler (2007) suggested an Austroasiatic origin: compare these Bahnaric lexical items Koho klaw, Chrau klo:, Bulo Stieng klaw "male" (all from Proto-Bahnaric *kləw < Proto-Mon-Khmer *t₁l(ə)w(ʔ) (male)), as well as Khmer ខ្លោះ (khlɑh, male, virile), កំលោះ (kɑmlŭəh, young man).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/koX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔX/
Li
Rong
/koX/
Wang
Li
/kuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gu2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kʷˁaʔ/
English male (bovine)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4225
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bull; ox (especially castrated)
  2. cow (female)
  3. (Hakka, Teochew) male
    [Sixian Hakka]  ―  kiéu- [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  male dog
    / [Sixian Hakka]  ―  chhe̍t- [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  male thief

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): (ko), (ku)
  • Kun: おうし (oushi)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune–Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.