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See also:
U+9414, 鐔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9414

[U+9413]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9415]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +12, 20 strokes, cangjie input 金一田十 (CMWJ), four-corner 81146, composition)

  1. dagger
  2. small sword

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1322, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1822, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4255, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9414

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*luː, *lɯm
*l̥ʰɯːm, *l'ɯːms, *lɯm, *ʔl'aːnʔ
*l̥ʰɯːms
*l'ɯːm, *lɯmʔ
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːm
*l'ɯːm, *ljɯm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːm
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːm, *zlom, *ljum
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ, *l'ɯːms
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ, *l'ɯːms
*l'ɯːms, *hljɯmʔ
*zlɯmʔ
*ljɯm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːms

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (17) (36) (7)
Final () (139) (139) (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziɪm/ /jiɪm/ /dʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/zim/ /jim/ /dəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjem/ /jem/ /dɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zim/ /jim/ /dəm/
Li
Rong
/ziəm/ /iəm/ /dᴀm/
Wang
Li
/zĭĕm/ /jĭĕm/ /dɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯əm/ /i̯əm/ /dʱăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xín yín tán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 12321 12337 12344
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːm/ /*ljɯm/ /*lɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つみは, rōmaji tsumiha)

  1. the guard at the end of the grip of a sword
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 5, page 45:
      鐔 唐韻云、鐔、音尋、一音潭、都美波 [...] 今俗急呼都婆 劔鼻也

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with tsumiha. Medial /-h-/, originally realized as *[p], voices to [b] due to the preceding /m/.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つみば, rōmaji tsumiba)

  1. the guard at the end of the grip of a sword

Etymology 3Edit

/tumiha/ → /tumba/ → /tuba/.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つば, rōmaji tsuba)

  1. the guard at the end of the grip of a sword
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 5, page 45:
      鐔 唐韻云、鐔、音尋、一音潭、都美波 [...] 今俗急呼都婆 劔鼻也
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 620)
      Tçuba. ツバ (鍔・鐔) 刀 (Catana)の鍔, すなわち, 刀の柄(つか)に密着している, 銅やその他の金属製の円いある種の輪.

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. sword guard
  2. hilt
ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune-Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. dagger
  2. small sword