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U+6DEB, 淫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DEB

[U+6DEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DEC]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水月竹土 (EBHG), four-corner 32114, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 631, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1033, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1654, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6DEB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lɯm
*lɯm
*lɯm

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯm): semantic  (water) + phonetic .

EtymologyEdit

“to soak; excessive; to let loose; licentious”
Related to (OC *lɯm, “licentious”), (OC *lɯm, “heavy rain”) and (OC *ɡ·rɯm, “continued rain”) (Wang, 1982). More allofams possibly include (OC *l̥ʰjɯmʔ, “liquid”) and (OC *l'um, “to submerge”) (Schuessler, 2007). Probably related to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l-(t/d)jam (to fill, flat).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/jim/
Shao
Rongfen
/jem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jim/
Li
Rong
/iəm/
Wang
Li
/jĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yín
Middle
Chinese
‹ yim ›
Old
Chinese
/*N.r[ə]m/
English excess; licentious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15291
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to soak; to permeate; to drench
  2. to paint; to dye; to decorate
  3. to spread; to diffuse; to become prominent
  4. to move around; to shift; to travel
  5. to exceed boundary; to overstep one's authority
  6. excessive; uncontrolled; immoderate; overindulgent
  7. great; sizeable; immense; big
  8. to rain for a prolonged period of time; to have continuous heavy rain
  9. meretricious; flashy; ostentatious
  10. extravagant; squandering; wasteful
  11. evil; wicked; sinful; crafty
  12. in disorder; disorderly; chaotic; disorganised
  13. to confuse or be confused; to make someone dazed and confused
  14. to let someone have his or her own way; to allow to run wild
  15. to indulge in; to overindulge; to abandon oneself in; to be greedy for
  16. to have illicit sexual relations; to commit adultery
  17. licentious; obscene; lewd; lascivious; depraved; pornographic
  18. Alternative form of (shēn, “deep; deeply”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 淫預淫预: Alternative form of 灩澦滟滪 (“a dangerous pile of rocks in the middle of the Yangtze River in Sichuan”).

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (mythology, historical) Alternative name for 瑤池瑶池 (“a legendary body of water”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum) (hangeul , revised eum, McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dâm, dầm, đầm, đẫm, đằm, giầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.