See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
尋-oracle.svg 尋-bigseal.svg 尋-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(work) +  ‎(mouth, talk) +  ‎(hand) – to seek out, with hands and mouth (asking).

Note that top hand is not in 又 shape, but rather resembles ; this is an earlier form of hand (fingers); see etymology of 又.

Han characterEdit

(radical 41 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸一一口戈 (SMMRI), four-corner 17346, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 295, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7447
  • Dae Jaweon: page 586, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 510, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5C0B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyn³⁵/
/ɕin³⁵/
Harbin /ɕyn²⁴/ ~找
/ɕin²⁴/ ~思
Tianjin /ɕin⁴⁵/
/ɕyn⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕyẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /syə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /syn⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²⁴/
Xining /ɕiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕin²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyn³¹/
Guiyang /ɕin²¹/
Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰin²⁴/
/sin²⁴/
/syn²⁴/
Hefei /ɕin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zin¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰin²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰim¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim³⁵/
/siam³⁵/ 量词
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sim³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (17)
Final: (139)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xín
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ziɪm/ /zim/ /zjem/ /zim/ /ziəm/ /zĭĕm/ /zi̯əm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xún ‹ zim › /*sə-l[ə]m (< *-um ?)/ warm up
xún ‹ zim › /*sə-l[ə]m/ measure of 8 chǐ 尺

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14127 3 /*ljum/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to seek, search, look for
  2. ancient

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fathom

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune-Reischauer sim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tầm, tìm, tùm, chầm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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