See also:
U+5C0B, 尋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C0B

[U+5C0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C0C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 41, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸一一口戈 (SMMRI), four-corner 17346, composition(GJV) or ⿳⿻(HTK))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 295, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7447
  • Dae Jaweon: page 586, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 510, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5C0B

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (work) +  (mouth, talk) +  (hand) +  (hand) – to seek out, with hands and mouth (asking).

Note that top hand is not in shape, but rather resembles ; this is an earlier form of hand (fingers); see etymology of .

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
unit of length; arm span
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-la(ː)m (armspan; fathom; cord) (STEDT). Cognate with Mizo hlam (measurement (armspan)), Burmese လှမ်း (hlam:, to reach out).
to seek; to search
Attested since the Eastern Han dynasty. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note: xín - dialectal and vernacular, in words such as 尋思 and 尋死.
Note:
  • siâm - vernacular;
  • sîm - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyn³⁵/
    /ɕin³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕyn²⁴/ ~找
    /ɕin²⁴/ ~思
    Tianjin /ɕin⁴⁵/
    /ɕyn⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕyẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /syə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /syn⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕiẽ²⁴/
    Xining /ɕiə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕin²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕyn³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕin²¹/
    Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰin²⁴/
    /sin²⁴/
    /syn²⁴/
    Hefei /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zin¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰin²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰim¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim³⁵/
    /siam³⁵/ 量词
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sim³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (139)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zjem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zim/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xín
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xún xún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zim › ‹ zim ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə-l[ə]m/ (< *-um ?) /*sə-l[ə]m/
    English warm up measure of 8 chǐ 尺

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14127
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljum/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to seek; to search; to look for
    2. an ancient unit of length equivalent to eight chis; arm span
    3. soon; before long
    4. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms

    See 尋日寻日.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) yesterday

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. fathom

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (sim))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tầm, tìm, tùm, chầm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.