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U+5F90, 徐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F90

[U+5F8F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F91]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 60, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人一木 (HOOMD), four-corner 28294, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 367, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 690, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 825, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5F90

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • chhî - vernacular (including surname);
    • sû/sî - literary.
  • Quanzhou:
    • chhî - vernacular;
    • sîr - literary (including surname).
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕy³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕy²⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕy⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕy⁴²/
    Qingdao /sy⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /sy⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕy²⁴/
    Xining /ɕy²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕy⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕy⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕy⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕy²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕy³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰy²⁴/
    Hefei /sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕy¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕy¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕy³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
    Suzhou /zi¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /zei³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /si¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɕy¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰi¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰi¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøy²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰy²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰøy²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
    /t͡sʰi³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sy⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɯ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.la/
    English walk slowly

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15782
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lja/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. slowly; quietly; calmly
    2. composed; poised
    3. Xuzhou

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seo)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: seo, McCune–Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
      • Name (hangeul): 천천히

    This means “slow” in English.


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chờ, chừa, giờ, từ, thờ, xờ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.