See also: and
U+9918, 餘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9918

[U+9917]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9919]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified /

Alternative forms edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 184, +7, 15 strokes in Chinese, 16 strokes in Japanese and Korean, cangjie input 人戈人一木 (OIOMD), four-corner 88794, composition (GHTV) or 𩙿(JK))

Derived characters edit

Related characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1420, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44185
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1945, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4456, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9918

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. */
alternative forms 𠎳
𭭳

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *la): semantic + phonetic (OC *la).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • mainstream Taiwanese:
    • î - vernacular;
    • û - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /y³⁵/
    Harbin /y²⁴/
    Tianjin /y⁴⁵/
    Jinan /y⁴²/
    Qingdao /y⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /y⁴²/
    Xi'an /y²⁴/
    Xining /y²⁴/
    Yinchuan /y⁵³/
    Lanzhou /y⁵³/
    Ürümqi /y⁵¹/
    Wuhan /y²¹³/
    Chengdu /y³¹/
    Guiyang /i²¹/
    Kunming /i³¹/
    Nanjing /y²⁴/
    Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /y¹¹/
    Pingyao /y¹³/
    Hohhot /y³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦy²³/
    Suzhou /ɦy¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦz̩ʷ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /vu³¹/
    Hui Shexian /y⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /y⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /y¹³/
    Xiangtan /y¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /y⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /i¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒï¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²¹/
    Nanning /y²¹/
    Hong Kong /jy²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /u³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ɯ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /zi³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter yo
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /iɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyu4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*la/
    English remains; surplus

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15800
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*la/

    Definitions edit

    1. to remain; to have left
    2. time after an event
        ―  gōng  ―  spare time; free time (literally, “time outside work”)
      痛心痛心  ―  tòngxīn zhī   ―  when recovered from grief
    3. over; more than
      四十四十  ―  sìshí rén  ―  forty-odd people
    4. surplus; remainder; excess
      年年有年年有  ―  niánniányǒu  ―  to have a surplus year after year
    5. remaining; spare; surplus
        ―    ―  remaining sum; balance
        ―  shēng  ―  remainder of one's life; one's remaining years
    6. (obsolete) Alternative form of (I)
    7. (obsolete) salt
    8. a surname: Yu
    Usage notes edit

    In simplified Chinese, is a non-standard form of only used as a surname or when it is desirable to distinguish from . was formerly official in 简化字总表 (1964); this character was removed in 通用规范汉字表 (2013).

    In traditional Chinese, the surnames and are distinct, with the latter being much more common among the population.

    Synonyms edit
    • (to remain):
    • (over): (Min Nan)

    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 2 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Only used in 緒餘绪余 (xùyú).

    Japanese edit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji edit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of .
    2. (rare) be left over

    Readings edit

    • On (unclassified): (yo)
    • Kun: あまる (amaru)

    Usage notes edit

    is the preferred form used in modern Japanese.

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 남을 (nameul yeo))

    1. Hanja form? of (remainder).

    Compounds edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: , thừa

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References edit