See also: 风车

ChineseEdit

 
wind; news; style; custom; manner
 
vehicle on land; car; machine; to shape with a lathe
trad. (風車)
simp. (风车)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

風車

  1. windmill
  2. winnower
  3. pinwheel
  4. (Min Nan) automobile; motor car; sedan

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
風車 (fūsha, kazaguruma): a windmill.
Kanji in this term
ふう
Grade: 2
しゃ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 風車 (MC pɨuŋ t͡ɕʰia, “wind + machine”).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

風車(ふうしゃ) (fūsha

  1. a windmill (structure)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
風車 (kazaguruma): a pinwheel.
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
風車 (kazaguruma): the Clematis patens flower.
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
かざ
Grade: 2
くるま > ぐるま
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (kaza, wind, the older combining form) +‎ (kuruma, wheel). The kuruma changes to guruma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

風車(かざぐるま) (kazaguruma

  1. a windmill (structure)
  2. a pinwheel, a toy that spins in the wind
    ね、(かぜ)()いているよ、(かざ)(ぐるま)(まわ)そう。
    Ne, kaze ga fuite iru yo, kazaguruma o mawasō.
    Hey, the wind's blowing, let's spin pinwheels.
  3. a crest in the shape of a windmill or pinwheel
  4. (figuratively) economic disadvantage, a difficult life
  5. (shogi) the “windmill opening” in shogi
  6. a kind of clematis flower, the Clematis patens
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カザグルマ.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

風車 (pungcha, McCune-Reischauer: p'ungch'a, Yale: phungcha) (hangeul 풍차)

  1. Hanja form? of 풍차 (windmill).