See also: 风车

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
wind; news; style; custom; manner
 
vehicle on land; car; a vehicle; machine; to shape with a lathe
trad. (風車)
simp. (风车)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

風車

  1. windmill
  2. winnower
  3. pinwheel
  4. (Min Nan) automobile; motor car; sedan

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 汽車 (“car, motor vehicle”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 汽車
Mandarin Beijing 汽車
Taiwan 汽車
Jinan 汽車
Xi'an 汽車
Wuhan 汽車
Chengdu 汽車
Yangzhou 汽車
Hefei 汽車
Cantonese Guangzhou 汽車
Hong Kong 汽車
Taishan 汽車
Yangjiang 汽車
Gan Nanchang 汽車
Hakka Meixian 汽車
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 汽車自動車
Liudui (S. Sixian) 汽車自動車
Hsinchu (Hailu) 汽車自動車
Dongshi (Dabu) 汽車自動車
Zhuolan (Raoping) 汽車自動車
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 汽車自動車
Jin Taiyuan 汽車
Min Bei Jian'ou 汽車
Min Dong Fuzhou 汽車
Min Nan Xiamen 汽車風車大車
Quanzhou 汽車風車大車
Zhangzhou 汽車大車
Taipei 自動車
Kaohsiung 自動車動車
Tainan 自動車
Taichung 汽車自動車
Yilan 自動車
Lukang 自動車
Sanxia 自動車
Kinmen 汽車
Magong 自動車汽車
Hsinchu 自動車
Penang
Singapore 風車
Chaozhou 汽車羅里
Wu Suzhou 汽車
Wenzhou 汽車
Xiang Changsha 汽車
Shuangfeng 汽車

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
風車 (fūsha, kazaguruma): a windmill.
Kanji in this term
ふう
Grade: 2
しゃ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 風車 (/pɨuŋ t͡ɕʰia/, literally wind + machine).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

風車 (hiragana ふうしゃ, romaji fūsha)

  1. a windmill (structure)
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
風車 (kazaguruma): a pinwheel.
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
風車 (kazaguruma): the Clematis patens flower.
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
かざ
Grade: 2
くるま > ぐるま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of (kaza, wind, the older combining form) +‎ (kuruma, wheel). The kuruma changes to guruma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

風車 (hiragana かざぐるま, romaji kazaguruma)

  1. a windmill (structure)
  2. a pinwheel, a toy that spins in the wind
    ね、 (かぜ) ()いているよ、 (かざ) (ぐるま) (まわ)そう。
    Ne, kaze ga fuite iru yo, kazaguruma o mawasō.
    Hey, the wind's blowing, let's spin pinwheels.
  3. a crest in the shape of a windmill or pinwheel
  4. (figuratively) economic disadvantage, a difficult life
  5. (shogi) the “windmill opening” in shogi
  6. a kind of clematis flower, the Clematis patens
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カザグルマ.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

風車 (pungcha, McCune-Reischauer: p'ungch'a, Yale: phungcha) (hangeul 풍차)

  1. Hanja form? of 풍차, “windmill”.