Ideogram (指事): It is derived from a pictogram of a carriage seen from above. In the oracle bone script, there were large wheels on both sides and a sun shade on the top. Later, when Chinese characters were written vertically, the wheels on both sides were simply drawn in strokes and the loading area was marked with a 田. Therefore, it is important to understand that the current character, 車 is a vertical depiction of a carriage.
Note that 倝 (OC *kaːns) (as in left part of 朝 (OC *ʔr'ew, *r'ew)) is not derived from 車.
- † chariot; cart
- land wheeled vehicle; (specifically) car (Classifier: 輛／辆; 部; 臺／台; 架 c; 頂／顶 mn)
- machine; instrument (Classifier: 部)
- † carry in cart
- † to machine, to shape with a lathe
- to tailor or sew using a sewing machine
/ 车衫 [Cantonese]
― ce1 saam1 [Jyutping]
― to sew clothes with a sewing machine
- (Cantonese) to drive somebody; to give somebody a ride
- (Sichuan) to rotate
- (Internet slang) pornography
- A surname.
- 車／车 (chē) is a collective term for all types of vehicles with wheel(s). Additional morphemes are added in front to specify the type of the vehicle. For example:
- (Chinese chess) chariot; rook
- (chess) rook
(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)
From Middle Chinese 車 (MC t͡ɕʰia).
車 (hiragana しゃ, rōmaji -sha)
- used to count vehicles
車 (hiragana しゃ, rōmaji sha)
- South Korean vehicle
- train car
- Synonym: 車両
- car for women only
From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū completed some time after 759 CE, with the ideographic spelling 車.
Assuming an initial meaning of wheel, may be a compound of くる (kuru, related to spinning or rotating, as in 繰る (kuru, “to spin (as in thread)”), 枢 (kuru, “hinge”), くるくる (kurukuru, “spinningly, round and round”), 転めく (kurumeku, “to spin round and round, to rotate; to be dizzy”)) + ま (ma, a suffix added to various parts of speech to form an indeclinable word indicating state).
車 (counter 台, hiragana くるま, rōmaji kuruma)
- a car, an automobile, a carriage, a cart
- a wheel, a caster
- something wheel-shaped
- a style of 紋 (mon, “family crest”)
- short for various terms:
- short for 車海老 (kuruma ebi): a prawn
- short for 車懸 (kuruma-gakari): “wheel formation”, a battle tactic where units attack in staged waves in order to prevent the opponent from resting
- short for 肩車 (kata-guruma): riding on one's shoulders, piggyback
- short for 手車 (te-guruma): a handcart, a wheelbarrow
- short for 車座 (kuruma za): sitting in a circle
- (obsolete) during the Edo period, in the red-light district in Ōsaka, a prostitute whose services cost four 匁 (monme) and three 分 (bun) (possibly in reference to the cost of a carriage ride)
- ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 694), text here
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
- 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan