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See also: 饿鬼

Contents

ChineseEdit

to be hungry; hungry ghost; sly; crafty
trad. (餓鬼)
simp. (饿鬼) 饿

EtymologyEdit

The Buddhism sense is a translation of Sanskrit प्रेत (preta).

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

餓鬼

  1. hungry person
  2. (derogatory) pig
  3. (Buddhism) hungry ghost; one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology
  4. the spirit of a jealous or greedy person who, as punishment for mortal vices, has been cursed with an insatiable hunger

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Wikipedia has an article on:
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餓鬼 (gaki): a traditional Japanese depiction of various hungry ghosts from a 12th-century scroll.
Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: S
on’yomi

Borrowing from Middle Chinese compound 餓鬼 (MC ŋɑH kʉiX, “hungry + ghost”). Compare modern Min Nan reading gō-kúi. The Chinese term derives from the importation of Buddhism into China, as a translation of Sanskrit प्रेत (preta).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

餓鬼 (hiragana がき, rōmaji gaki)

  1. (Buddhism) short for 餓鬼道 (gakidō): the hungry ghost realm, one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology
  2. (Buddhism) a preta: the spirit of a jealous or greedy person who, as punishment for mortal vices, has been cursed with insatiable hunger
  3. (Buddhism) the souls of the dead who languish in oblivion without any surviving relatives to pray for their peace
  4. (figuratively) anyone who is constantly hungry or thirsty
  5. (figuratively) anyone who is unhealthily thin and appears as if they are starving
  6. (archaic) Short for 餓鬼病 (gakiyami, gakibyō, leprosy).
  7. (pejorative, slang, by extension from the sense of someone who is always hungry) an unpleasant child, a brat
    • 2000 August 10, Andō, Yūma; Asaki, Masashi, “BREAKブレイク.39 つうこんくにみつ [BREAK.39 When Kunimitsu Has Remorse‥]”, in サイコメトラーEIJIエイジ [Psychometrer EIJI], volume 24 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN:
      でも—— () (わい)いですね このジンガイのガキ
      Demo—— kawaii desu ne kono jingai no gaki
      However—— this crooked brat’s pretty cute, don’t ya think
      チッ ロリコンが
      Chih rorikon ga
      Yeesh, you pedophile
    • 2000 August 10, Andō, Yūma; Asaki, Masashi, “けん くにみつ [Kunimitsu, Brawl Delivery]”, in サイコメトラーEIJIエイジ [Psychometrer EIJI], volume 24 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN:
       ()ねや ガキィ〰〰‼
      Shine ya gakī~~‼
      Drop dead, you son of a bitch〰〰‼
Usage notesEdit

This is an example of a word that can be spelled with katakana to convey an informal conversational tone. The slang sense in particular is often encountered in katakana, as ガキ.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: S
Irregular

Shift in pronunciation of gaki above. Gemination is a common form of emphasis in the process of Japanese word formation. The meaning of brat is by extension from the original sense of gaki above, referring to someone who is always hungry.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

餓鬼 (hiragana がっき, rōmaji gakki)

  1. (pejorative, slang) an unpleasant child, a brat
Usage notesEdit

Often spelled in hiragana.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

餓鬼 (agwi) (hangeul 아귀)

  1. Hanja form? of 아귀, “(literally: "hungry ghost") a ravenous or voracious person”.