See also: 饿
U+9913, 餓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9913

[U+9912]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9914]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184, +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人戈竹手戈 (OIHQI), four-corner 83750, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1420, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1945, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4456, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9913

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 饿

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːls): semantic + phonetic (OC *ŋaːlʔ).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mwat ~ *ŋ(w)at (hungry; thirsty). Cognate with Burmese မွတ် (mwat) and ငတ် (ngat).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
è
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˁaj-s/
English hungry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hungry
    / 饿  ―  è le.  ―  I'm hungry.
    肚子 / 肚子饿  ―  Shéi dùzi è?  ―  Who's hungry?
  2. to starve someone

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hungry

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɑH).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

() (ga

  1. hungry; hunger

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul )

  1. hungry
  2. greedy for
  3. hunger

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: ngạ[1][2][3], nga[1], ngã[2][3]

  1. Hán tự form of ngạ (hunger, hungry).

ReferencesEdit