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See also: 饿
U+9913, 餓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9913

[U+9912]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9914]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184, +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人戈竹手戈 (OIHQI), four-corner 83750, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1420, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1945, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4456, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9913

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 饿

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋralʔ
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːls
*ŋrals
*ŋral
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ, *hŋral
*ŋrals
*hŋral
*hŋral
*hŋral

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋaːlʔ).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mwat ~ *ŋ(w)at (hungry; thirsty). Cognate with Burmese မွတ် (mwat) and ငတ် (ngat).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
è
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˁaj-s/
English hungry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hungry
    / 饿  ―  è le.  ―  I'm hungry.
  2. to starve someone

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“hungry”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 飢餓
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Jinan
Xi'an ,
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 肚餓,
Hong Kong 肚餓,
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 肚餓
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 肚餓
Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 肚腹餓
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 肚腹餓
Macau
Panyu 肚餓
Huadu (Huashan) 肚餓
Conghua 肚餓
Zengcheng 肚餓
Foshan 肚餓
Nanhai (Shatou) 肚餓
Shunde
Sanshui 肚餓
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 肚餓
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 肚餓
Doumen 肚餓
Jiangmen (Baisha) 肚飢
Xinhui 肚餓
Taishan 肚飢
Kaiping (Chikan) 肚餓
Enping (Niujiang) 肚餓
Heshan (Yayao) 肚餓
Dongguan 屎肚餓
Bao'an (Shajing) 肚餓
Dapeng
Shaoguan 肚餓
Yunfu 肚餓
Yangjiang
Xinyi 肚餓
Lianjiang 肚餓
Nanning 肚餓
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 肚飢,
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 肚飢, 肚枵
Liudui (S. Sixian) 肚飢
Hsinchu (Hailu) 肚屎枵, 肚枵
Dongshi (Dabu) 肚飢, 肚屎枵, 肚枵
Hsinchu (Raoping) 肚屎枵, 肚枵
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 屎肚枵
Hong Kong
Senai
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou 腹飢,
Min Dong Fuzhou , dated
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou , 肚困, 肚枵
Haifeng 肚枵
Johor Bahru
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha ,
Shuangfeng 肚䐬, intensified

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hungry

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɑH).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ga)

  1. hungry; hunger

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul )

  1. hungry
  2. greedy for
  3. hunger

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngạ, nga)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.