- 1 English
- 2 Danish
- 3 German
- 4 Middle English
- 5 Norwegian Bokmål
- 6 Norwegian Nynorsk
- 7 Swedish
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhʌŋɡɚ/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhʌŋɡə/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʌŋɡə(ɹ)
From Middle English hunger, from Old English hungor (“hunger, desire; famine”), from Proto-Germanic *hungruz, *hunhruz (“hunger”), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk- (“to burn, smart, desire, hunger, thirst”). Cognate with West Frisian honger, hûnger (“hunger”), Dutch honger (“hunger”), German Low German Hunger (“hunger”), German Hunger (“hunger”), Swedish hunger (“hunger”), Icelandic hungur (“hunger”).
- A need or compelling desire for food.
- (by extension) Any strong desire.
- I have a hunger to win.
- O sacred hunger of ambitious minds!
The phrase be hungry is more common than have hunger to express a need for food.
- (intransitive) To be in need of food.
- (figuratively, intransitive, usually with 'for' or 'after') To have a desire (for); to long; to yearn.
- I hungered for your love.
- (archaic, transitive) To make hungry; to famish.
- (uncommon) hunger
- (Early ME) hunngerr, hungor, hungær
- hunguer, honguer, honger, hungre, hongre, hungere, hongur, hounger, hounguer, hungir, hungyr, hungur
- Hungriness; the feeling of being hungry or requiring satiation.
- Hunger; a great lack or death of food or nutrition.
- A shortage of food in a region or country; widespread hunger.
- a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “2 Paralipomenon 6:28”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
- If hungur riſiþ in þe lond and peſtilence and ruſt and wynd diſtriynge cornes and a locuste and bꝛuke comeþ and if enemyes biſegen þe ȝatis of þe citee aftir þat þe cuntreis ben diſtried and al veniaunce and ſikenesse oppꝛeſſiþ […]
- If hunger rises in the land, and pestilence, rust, wind, destroying grain, and locusts and their young come, and if enemies besiege a city's gates after the city's surrounds are ruined, and when any destruction and disease oppresses (people) […]
- Hunger as a metaphorical individual; the force of hunger.
- (rare) Any strong drive or compulsion.
- “hunger” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- “hunger” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.