U+C131, 성
HANGUL SYLLABLE SEONG
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:t-j-d

[U+C130]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C132]




섀 ←→ 세

JejuEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Korean word from .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(seong)

  1. older brother (of a male)
  2. older sister (of a male)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Myobeopyeonhwagyeong eonhae (妙法蓮華經諺解 / 묘법연화경언해), 1463, as Middle Korean 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

NounEdit

(seong)

  1. anger, rage, wrath
    고작 그런 가지고 내는 ?
    Wae gojak geureon geos-eul gajigo seong-'eul naeneun geos-ini?
    Why are [you] getting angry over such a trivial thing?
    그렇게 쓸데없이 내면 못써.
    Geureoke sseuldeeopsi seong-'eul naemyeon motsseo.
    It's no good getting angry for no apparent reason like that.
    Synonym: 화(火) (hwa)

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

“-ity, -ness”
From the Japanese usage of the character, an orthographic borrowing from Japanese (せい) (-sei).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

NounEdit

(seong) (hanja )

  1. sex, sexuality; gender
    교육에서 격차 커지고 있다. 적은 숫자 여아 학교 가고 있다.
    Gyoyug-eseo seong gyeokcha-ga keojigo itda. Deo jeogeun sutja-ui yeoa-deul-man-i hakgyo-e gago itda.
    The gender gap in education is widening; fewer girls are going to school.
  2. one's true or inherent nature
    Synonym: 본성(本性) (bonseong)
  3. (grammar) gender
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

—성 (-seong) (hanja )

  1. -ity, -ness; the nature, quality, tendency, or characteristics of something
    잔혹 (殘酷)janhokseong ruthlessness
    인간 (人間)inganseong ᅟhuman nature / humanity
    생산 (生産)saengsanseong productivity
Usage notesEdit

The suffix is almost always tensed when attached to words with two or more syllables. See and Appendix:Sino-Korean tensing for more information on this phenomenon.

Derived termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

NounEdit

(seong) (hanja )

  1. surname; last name
    Synonym: 성씨(姓氏) (seongssi)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ (Yale: syèng).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?seng

NounEdit

(seong) (hanja )

  1. castle; fortress
    우리 까지 저항했다. 하지만 의해서 결국에는 함락됐다.
    Uri-neun kkeut-kkaji jeohanghaetda. Hajiman jeog-e uihaeseo seong-'i gyeolgug-eneun hamnakdwaetda.
    We fought to the end. But eventually, the castle was taken by the enemy.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

DeterminerEdit

(seong) (hanja )

  1. (Catholicism) saint
    베드로seong BedeuroSaint Peter
    Synonym: 성인(聖人) (seong'in, saint, noun)

NounEdit

(seong) (hanja )

  1. “the sacred”; that which is holy or sacred
    Coordinate term: 속(俗) (sok, that which is secular)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?seng

SuffixEdit

—성 (-seong) (hanja )

  1. (astronomy, academic) star
    시리우스siriuseuseongSirius (the star)
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • (byeol, star, Native Korean)

Etymology 7Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

NounEdit

(seong)

  1. Southern Dialectal, Jeolla dialect, Chungcheong, Gyeonggi, and Gyeongsang form of 형(兄) (hyeong, (for males) older brother or male).
    기전에 욕심 많은 저거 성님이 있고... (Jeolla, Goheung)
    Gijeone yoksim maneun jeogeo seongnimi itgo...
    Back then there was an older male who was very greedy...

Usage NotesEdit

In some dialects of Jeolla, it appears that females will also call older males by this term. It is also used by some older women to refer to other older females, though it is more commonly 성님 (seongnim), than (seong) in that case.


Etymology 8Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(seong)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋH))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ, d͡ʑiᴇŋH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇŋH))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇŋ))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC seŋ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC seŋ, seŋX, seŋH))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋH))