See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中土金土 (NLGCG), four-corner 74214)

  1. land, continental, Mainland China
  2. army
  3. six

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1355, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41708
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1858, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4134, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9678

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lu⁵¹/
Harbin /lu⁵³/
Tianjin /lu⁵³/
Jinan /lu²¹/
Qingdao /lu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lu²⁴/
Xi'an /lu²¹/
Xining /lv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lu¹³/
Lanzhou /lu¹³/
Ürümqi /lu²¹³/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /nu²¹/
Kunming /lu³¹/
Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
Suzhou /loʔ³/
Hangzhou /loʔ²/
Wenzhou /lɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /lo²²/
Tunxi /ləu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /luʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
Nanning /luk̚²²/
Hong Kong /luk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
/lak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /løyʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/ ~地
/lok̚³/ ~续
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨuk̚/ /li̯uk̚/ /liuk̚/ /liuk̚/ /luwk̚/ /lĭuk̚/ /liuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ljuwk › /*[r]uk/ land (as opposed to water)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8533 1 /*m·ruɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. land
  2. six

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 6461
  • Halpern: 543
  • Halpern Learners: 399
  • Heisig: 1513
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2d8.4t
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Adjectival nounEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ろく, romaji roku)

  1. satisfactory

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おか, romaji oka)

  1. land; shore

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ろく, romaji roku)

  1. (law) the number six, 6 (used in legal documents only, otherwise )
  2. being satisfactory

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryuk>yuk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: ryuk>yuk, McCune-Reischauer: ryuk>yuk, Yale: lyuk>yuk)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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