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U+9678, 陸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9678

[U+9677]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9679]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中土金土 (NLGCG), four-corner 74214, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1355, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41708
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1858, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4134, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9678

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mluɡ
*m·ruɡ
*m·ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ruɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *m·ruɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lêg8 - vernacular;
  • log8 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lu⁵¹/
Harbin /lu⁵³/
Tianjin /lu⁵³/
Jinan /lu²¹/
Qingdao /lu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lu²⁴/
Xi'an /lu²¹/
Xining /lv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lu¹³/
Lanzhou /lu¹³/
Ürümqi /lu²¹³/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /nu²¹/
Kunming /lu³¹/
Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
Suzhou /loʔ³/
Hangzhou /loʔ²/
Wenzhou /lɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /lo²²/
Tunxi /ləu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /luʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
Nanning /luk̚²²/
Hong Kong /luk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
/lak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /løyʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/ ~地
/lok̚³/ ~續

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwk̚/
Li
Rong
/liuk̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]uk/
English land (as opposed to water)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8533
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*m·ruɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. land; continent; mainland
  2. Short for 中國大陸中国大陆 (Zhōngguó dàlù, “mainland China”).
  3. Short for 陸軍陆军 (lùjūn, “army”).
  4. A surname​.
  5. A surname, formerly used sometimes as a transcription of Rodriguez or Rodrigues. (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • la̍k - vernacular;
  • lio̍k - literary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (financial) Alternative form of (liù, “six”).

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿

万亿
Financial




亿

万亿

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. land
  2. six

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 6461
  • Halpern: 543
  • Halpern Learners: 399
  • Heisig: 1513
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2d8.4t
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Adjectival nounEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

  1. satisfactory

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おか, rōmaji oka)

  1. land; shore

NounEdit

(hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

  1. (law) the number six, 6 (used in legal documents only, otherwise )
  2. being satisfactory

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryuk>yuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lục)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.