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U+9678, 陸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9678

[U+9677]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9679]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中土金土 (NLGCG), four-corner 74214, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1355, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41708
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1858, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4134, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9678

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𨽐
 
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Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Shizhoupian script Small seal script
               
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mluɡ
*m·ruɡ
*m·ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ruɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *m·ruɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lêg8 - vernacular;
  • log8 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lu⁵¹/
    Harbin /lu⁵³/
    Tianjin /lu⁵³/
    Jinan /lu²¹/
    Qingdao /lu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lu²⁴/
    Xi'an /lu²¹/
    Xining /lv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /lu¹³/
    Lanzhou /lu¹³/
    Ürümqi /lu²¹³/
    Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /nu³¹/
    Guiyang /nu²¹/
    Kunming /lu³¹/
    Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
    Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
    Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
    Suzhou /loʔ³/
    Hangzhou /loʔ²/
    Wenzhou /lɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /lo²²/
    Tunxi /ləu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /luʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
    Nanning /luk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /luk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
    /lak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /løyʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/ ~地
    /lok̚³/ ~續

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]uk/
    English land (as opposed to water)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8533
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m·ruɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. land; continent; mainland
    2. Short for 中國大陸中国大陆 (Zhōngguó dàlù, “mainland China”).
    3. Short for 陸軍陆军 (lùjūn, “army”).
    4. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    Note:
    • la̍k - vernacular;
    • lio̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    1. (financial) Alternative form of (liù, “six”).

    See alsoEdit

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. land
    2. six

    ReadingsEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 6461
    • Halpern: 543
    • Halpern Learners: 399
    • Heisig: 1513
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2d8.4t
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Adjectival nounEdit

    (-na inflection, hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

    1. satisfactory

    InflectionEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana おか, rōmaji oka)

    1. land; shore

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

    1. (law) the number six, 6 (used in legal documents only, otherwise )
    2. being satisfactory

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ryuk>yuk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lục)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.