See also: Bergen

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Perhaps from the Norwegian brand "Bergans", or the place name "Bergen"?”)

NounEdit

bergen (plural bergens)

  1. (Britain, military) A large rucksack.
    • 2012, Peter Ratcliffe, Eye of the Storm
      Their bergens were already stuffed almost to bursting point, as were their belt kits, with rations, water, radios and spare batteries, ammunition, personal equipment, sleeping bags, waterproofs, medical packs, survival kits, and much more.

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bergen, from Old Dutch bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

VerbEdit

bergen

  1. (transitive) to store, to stash away
  2. (transitive) to salvage (a vessel)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of bergen (strong class 3)
infinitive bergen
past singular borg
past participle geborgen
infinitive bergen
gerund bergen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular berg borg
2nd person sing. (jij) bergt borg
2nd person sing. (u) bergt borg
2nd person sing. (gij) bergt borgt
3rd person singular bergt borg
plural bergen borgen
subjunctive sing.1 berge borge
subjunctive plur.1 bergen borgen
imperative sing. berg
imperative plur.1 bergt
participles bergend geborgen
1) Archaic.
Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: berg

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

bergen

  1. Plural form of berg

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛɐ̯ɡŋ̩/, /ˈbɛɐ̯ɡən̪/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

bergen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present birgt, past tense barg, past participle geborgen, past subjunctive bärge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to save (someone); to rescue
  2. (transitive) to salvage; to recover
  3. (transitive) to conceal; shelter; to contain
  4. (transitive, naval) to take in (a sail); to shorten (a sail)
    die Segel bergen — “to shorten the sail”

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

External linksEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

VerbEdit

bergen

  1. to get to safety, to keep safe
  2. to stash away, to hide
  3. to store, to keep

InflectionEdit

Strong class 3
Infinitive bergen
3rd sg. past barch
3rd pl. past borgen
Past participle geborgen
Infinitive bergen
In genitive bergens
In dative bergene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular berge barch
2nd singular berchs, berges borchs, borges
3rd singular bercht, berget barch
1st plural bergen borgen
2nd plural bercht, berget borcht, borget
3rd plural bergen borgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular berge borge
2nd singular berchs, berges borges
3rd singular berge borge
1st plural bergen borgen
2nd plural bercht, berget borget
3rd plural bergen borgen
Imperative Present
Singular berch, berge
Plural bercht, berget
Present Past
Participle bergende geborgen

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “bergen (II)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II


Middle EnglishEdit

VerbEdit

bergen

  1. Alternative form of berwen

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bergen

  1. definite plural of berg

West FrisianEdit

NounEdit

bergen

  1. plural of berch