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DutchEdit

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle High German bresten, from Old High German brestan, from Proto-Germanic *brestaną. The modern form is from Middle Low German with metathesis of -r- from Old Saxon brestan (compare Bernstein, Born). Cognate with Dutch barsten, English burst, Old Norse bresta (whence Danish briste, Norwegian Bokmål briste and Swedish brista).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛʁstən/, [ˈbɛʁstən], [ˈbɛɐ̯-], [-stn̩]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

bersten (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present birst, past tense barst, past participle geborsten, past subjunctive bärste, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive, chiefly literary) to burst

Usage notesEdit

  • The more general word is platzen.
  • Bersten has a somewhat irregular 2nd person singular du birst, to avoid the regular but unpronounceable *birstst.

ConjugationEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch brestan, from Proto-Germanic *brestaną.

VerbEdit

bersten

  1. to burst, to break apart
  2. to come forth, to arise

InflectionEdit

Strong class 3
Infinitive bersten
3rd sg. past barst
3rd pl. past borsten
Past participle geborsten
Infinitive bersten
In genitive berstens
In dative berstene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular berste barst
2nd singular bersts, berstes borsts, borstes
3rd singular berst, berstet barst
1st plural bersten borsten
2nd plural berst, berstet borst, borstet
3rd plural bersten borsten
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular berste borste
2nd singular bersts, berstes borstes
3rd singular berste borste
1st plural bersten borsten
2nd plural berst, berstet borstet
3rd plural bersten borsten
Imperative Present
Singular berst, berste
Plural berst, berstet
Present Past
Participle berstende geborsten

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bersten”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • bersten (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929