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DutchEdit

Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German brēken, from Old Saxon brekan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-. Cognate to Plautdietsch bräken, Dutch breken, German brechen, West Frisian brekke, English break, Danish brække.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

breken (third-person singular simple present brickt, past tense brook, past participle braken, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to break

ConjugationEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *brekan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-.

VerbEdit

brēken

  1. to break, to break into pieces
  2. to break, to be broken
  3. to destroy
  4. to break in
  5. to end, to diminish, to weaken
  6. to break, to overcome resistance, to subdue

InflectionEdit

Strong class 4
Infinitive brēken
3rd sg. past brac
3rd pl. past brâken
Past participle gebroken
Infinitive brēken
In genitive brēkens
In dative brēkene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular brēke brac
2nd singular brēecs, brēkes brâecs, brâkes
3rd singular brēect, brēket brac
1st plural brēken brâken
2nd plural brēect, brēket brâect, brâket
3rd plural brēken brâken
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular brēke brâke
2nd singular brēecs, brēkes brâkes
3rd singular brēke brâke
1st plural brēken brâken
2nd plural brēect, brēket brâket
3rd plural brēken brâken
Imperative Present
Singular brec, brēec, brēke
Plural brēect, brēket
Present Past
Participle brēkende gebroken

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • breken (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • breken”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English brecan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

breken

  1. to break

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit