Dutch

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch brēken, from Old Dutch *brecan, from Proto-West Germanic *brekan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbreːkə(n)/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: bre‧ken
  • Rhymes: -eːkən

Verb

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breken

  1. (ergative) to break

Inflection

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Conjugation of breken (strong class 4)
infinitive breken
past singular brak
past participle gebroken
infinitive breken
gerund breken n
present tense past tense
1st person singular breek brak
2nd person sing. (jij) breekt brak
2nd person sing. (u) breekt brak
2nd person sing. (gij) breekt braakt
3rd person singular breekt brak
plural breken braken
subjunctive sing.1 breke brake
subjunctive plur.1 breken braken
imperative sing. breek
imperative plur.1 breekt
participles brekend gebroken
1) Archaic.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Afrikaans: breek
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: breke
  • Negerhollands: breek

Anagrams

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Low German

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle Low German brēken, from Old Saxon brekan, from Proto-West Germanic *brekan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-. Cognate to Plautdietsch bräken, Dutch breken, German brechen, West Frisian brekke, English break, Danish brække.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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breken (third-person singular simple present brickt, past tense brook, past participle braken, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to break

Conjugation

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Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch *brecan, from Proto-West Germanic *brekan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-.

Verb

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brēken

  1. to break, to break into pieces
  2. to break, to be broken
  3. to destroy
  4. to break in
  5. to end, to diminish, to weaken
  6. to break, to overcome resistance, to subdue

Inflection

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Strong class 4
Infinitive brēken
3rd sg. past brac
3rd pl. past brâken
Past participle gebroken
Infinitive brēken
In genitive brēkens
In dative brēkene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular brēke brac
2nd singular brēecs, brēkes brâecs, brâkes
3rd singular brēect, brēket brac
1st plural brēken brâken
2nd plural brēect, brēket brâect, brâket
3rd plural brēken brâken
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular brēke brâke
2nd singular brēecs, brēkes brâkes
3rd singular brēke brâke
1st plural brēken brâken
2nd plural brēect, brēket brâket
3rd plural brēken brâken
Imperative Present
Singular brec, brēec, brēke
Plural brēect, brēket
Present Past
Participle brēkende gebroken

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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Middle English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old English brecan, from Proto-West Germanic *brekan, from Proto-Germanic *brekaną. Doublet of brayen (to break up).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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breken

  1. to break

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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